Environmental Soil Chemistry by Donald L. Sparks

Environmental Soil Chemistry

byDonald L. SparksEditorDonald L. Sparks

Hardcover | November 1, 2002

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Environmental Soil Chemistryillustrates fundamental principles of soil chemistry with respect to environmental reactions between soils and other natural materials and heavy metals, pesticides, industrial contaminants, acid rain, and salts. Timely and comprehensive discussions of applications to real-world environmental concerns are a central focus of this established text.

  • Provides students with both sound contemporary training in the basics of soil chemistry and applications to real-world environmental concerns
  • Timely and comprehensive discussion of important concepts including: sorption/desorption, oxidation-reduction of metals and organics, and effects of acidic deposition and salinity on contaminant reacions
  • Boxed sections focus on sample problems and explanations of key terms and parameters
  • Extensive tables on elemental composition of soils, rocks and sediments, pesticide classes, inorganic minerals, and methods of decontaminating soils
  • Clearly written for all students and professionals in environmental science and environmental engineering as well as soil science

About The Author

Donald L. Sparks is the S. Hallock du Pont Chair in Soil and Environmental Chemistry, Francis Alison Professor and Director of the Delaware Environmental Institute at the University of Delaware. He is internationally recognized for his landmark research on the kinetics and mechanisms of metal/oxyanion/nutrient reactions at biogeochemic...
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Details & Specs

Title:Environmental Soil ChemistryFormat:HardcoverDimensions:352 pages, 10 × 6.88 × 0.98 inPublished:November 1, 2002Publisher:Academic PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0126564469

ISBN - 13:9780126564464

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Table of Contents

Environmental Soil Chemistry: An Overview:
Evolution of Soil Chemistry.
The Modern Environmental Movement.
Contaminants in Waters and Soils.
Case Study of Pollution of Soils and Waters.
Soil Decontamination.
Inorganic Soil Components:
Pauling's Rules.
Primary Soil Minerals.
Secondary Soil Minerals.
Specific Surface of Soil Minerals.
Surface Charge of Soil Minerals.
Identification of Minerals by X-Ray Diffraction Analyses.
Use of Clay Minerals to Retain Organic Contaminants.
Chemistry of Soil Organic Matter:
Effects of Soil Formation Factors on SOM Contents.
Composition of SOM. Fractionation of SOM.
SOM Structure.
Functional Groups and Charge Characteristics.
Humic Substance-Metal Interactions.
SOM-Clay Complexes.
Retention of Pesticides and Other Organic Substances by Humic Substances.
Soil Solution-Solid Phase Equilibria:
Measurement of the Soil Solution. Speciation of the Soil Solution.
Ion Activity and Activity Coefficients.
Dissolution and Solubility Processes.
Sorption Phenomena on Soils:
Introduction and Terminology.
Surface Functional Groups.
Surface Complexes.
Adsorption Isotherms.
Equilibrium-Based Adsorption Models.
Surface Precipitation.
Sorption of Metal Cations.
Sorption of Anions.
Points of Zero Charge.
Desorption.
Use of Spectroscopic and Microscopic Methods in Determining Mechanisms for Sorption-Desorption Phenomena. <_br20_id3d_22_c id="">

Editorial Reviews

"Environmental Soil Chemistry is the only text available that covers the essentials of the topic...." - Gary M. Pierzynski, Professor at Kansas State University, Editor of Journal of Environmental Quality "Students in environmental sciences, environmental geochemistry, and soil science will find the book a highly instructive resource.? - Harvey E. Doner, University of California at Berkeley"This text is a concise and authoritative introduction...[and] is very suitable for a one semester course." - Jon Chorover, University of Arizona, Tucson