Environmental Technology in the Oil Industry by Stefan T. OrszulikEnvironmental Technology in the Oil Industry by Stefan T. Orszulik

Environmental Technology in the Oil Industry

EditorStefan T. Orszulik

Paperback | October 19, 2010

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This significantly updated second edition of a classic work on the subject identifies the issues and constraints for each stage in the production of petroleum products - what they are, who is imposing them and why, their technical and financial implications. It then looks in detail at the technological solutions which have been found or are being developed. It also places these developments in their legal and commercial context.
Title:Environmental Technology in the Oil IndustryFormat:PaperbackDimensions:420 pagesPublished:October 19, 2010Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9048173760

ISBN - 13:9789048173761

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: General Introduction, A. Ahnell and H. O'Leary1. Environmental Technology2. The Beginning 3. The Environmental Effects of the Oil Industry3.1. Air Emissions3.2. Water Management3.3. Waste Management4. Technology used in the Oil Industry4.1. Pollution Control4.2. Pollution Prevention5. Oil Industry Future: Design for the Environment5.1. Design out the production problems6. SummaryReferencesChapter 2: Environmental control technology for Oilfield Processes, A.K. Wojtanowicz1. Introduction2. Environmental-control Technology3. Evolution of Environmentally Controlled Oilfield Processes3.1. Scope and Characteristics of Oilfield ECT3.2. Methodology of ECT design4. ECT Analysis of Drilling Process4.1. Mechanisms of Drilling Waste Discharge4.2. Sources of Drilling Waste Toxicity4.3. Waste Generation Mechanisms in Petroleum Production4.4. Sources of Toxicity in Produced waterReferencesChapter 3: Environmental Control of Well Integrity, A.K. Wojtanowicz1. Introduction2. Mechanism of Cement Seal Failures3. Improved Cementing for Annular Integrity4. Cement Pulsation after Placement5. Integrity of Injection Wells6. Measurements of Well Integrity7. Sustained Casinghead Pressure7.1. Rig Methods for SCP Isolation7.2. Rig-less technology for SCP isolationReferencesChapter 4: Environmental Control of Drilling Fluids and Produced Water, A.K. Wojtanowicz1. Control of Drilling Fluid Volume1.1. Control of Mud Dispersibility1.2. Improved Solids Control - Closed Loop Systems1.3. Dewatering of Drilling Fluids: 'dry' drilling location2. Control of Drilling Fluid Toxicity2.1. Drilling Fluid Toxicity Testing2.2. Low-Toxicity Substitutes2.3. Synthetic Base Drilling Fluids2.4. Source Separation - Drill Cuttings De-oiling3. Control of Produced Water Volume3.1. Source Reduction - water shut-off technology3.2. Source Separation - downhole oil/gas/water separation3.3. Source Reduction with downhole water sink4. Control of Produced Water Pollutants4.1. Oil-free water from DWS drainage-production systems4.2. Deoiling of produced water4.3. Removal of dissolved organics from produced water4.4. Produced water salinity reductionReferencesChapter 5: Oilfield Waste Disposal Control, A.K. Wojtanowicz1. Introduction2. Oilfield Waste Disposal to Land2.1. Impact of oilfield pit contaminants2.2. Oilfield pit sampling and evaluation2.3. Oilfield pit closure: Liquid Phase2.4. Oilfield pit closure: Solid Phase3. Subsurface waste disposal to wells3.1. Description of slurry injection process of muds and cuttings3.2. Slurry fracture injection of muds and cuttings3.3. Properties of Injected Slurries3.4. Environmental Implications of Subsurface Slurry Injection3.5. Periodic Injection to Multiple FracturesReferencesChapter 6: Drilling and production discharges in the marine environment, A.B. Doyle, S.S.R. Pappworth and D.D. Caudle1. Introduction2. Nature of Offshore Discharges2.1. Produced Water2.2. Drilling Waste2.3. Magnitude of Waste Discharges2.4. Accidental Discharges2.5. Wastes that Require Handling During Site Abandonment3. Potential Impacts on the Environment3.1. Introduction3.2. Potential Impacts from Produced Water3.3. Potential Impacts from Drilling Waste3.4. Potential Impacts from Treating Chemicals3.5. Potential Impacts from Accidental Discharges4. Regulatory Approaches4.1. Regulations for Waste Discharges4.2. OSPAR agreements and national regulations for the OSPAR area4.3. United States Regulations4.4. Comparing and Contrasting OSPAR and United States EPA Regulations4.5. Russian and Former Soviet Republics Regulations4.6. Other Regulatory Systems4.7. Accidental Discharges5. Should the Release be Re-mediated?6. Sources of data on discharges to the marine environmentReferencesChapter 7: Decommissioning of Offshore Oil and Gas Installations, M.D. Day and M.H. Marks1. Introduction2. Legal Framework of Platform Decommissioning3. Planning4. Abandonment Phases4.1. Well Abandonment4.2. Preabandonment Surveys/ Data Gathering4.3. Engineering4.4. Decommissioning4.5. Structure Removal4.6. Disposal4.7. Site Clearance5. ConclusionReferencesChapter 8: Tanker design: Recent Developments from an Environmental Perspective, G. Peet1. Introduction2. Tanker Accidents3. Tanker Design4. New Tanker Design Standards: The USA Takes the Lead5. New Tanker Designs: The International Debate in the Early 1990's6. Some Developments Since the Adoption of the new MARPOL Regulations in 19927. Some Observations Regarding the Effectiveness of MARPOL's Double-Hull Requirements8. EpilogueReferencesChapter 9: Pipeline technology, A.A. Ryder & S.C. Rapson1. Introduction2. Environmental Pressures3. Onshire Pipelines3.1. Design3.2. Construction3.3. Operation3.4. Decommissioning 4. Offshore Pipelines4.1. Design4.2. Construction4.3. Operation4.4. Decommissioning5. Pipeline Landfalls5.1. Design5.2. ConstructionChapter 10: Environmental Management and Technology in Oil Refineries, H. Amiry, H. Sutherland, E. Martin and P. Goodsell1. Function of an Oil Refinery2. Overview3. Control of Atmospheric Emissions3.1. Minimizing Combustion-Related Emissions3.2. Minimizing Flare-Related Emissions3.3. Minimizing Fugitive Emissions3.4. Odour Control3.5. Sulphur Removal and Recovery4. Control of Aqueous Emissions4.1. Source Control4.2. Effluent Treatment5. Soil and Groundwater Protection5.1. Source Control5.2. Monitoring5.3. Remediation5.4. Preventative Techniques6. Control of Solid Wastes6.1. Source Control6.2. Waste Treatment6.3. Waste Disposal7. Recycling to Minimize Waste7.1. Reuse on-site7.2. Off-site recycling8. Environmental Management8.1. Environmental Control8.2. Environmental Training8.3. Environmental AuditingReferencesChapter 11: Distribution, marketing and use of Petroleum Fuels, T. Coley and J. Price1. Introduction2. Main Refinery Product Types3. Protection of the Environment3.1. The Atmosphere3.2. Sea Waters: Compliance with Maritime Regulations3.3. Soil and Groundwater4. Distributing the products4.1. Distribution Systems5. Anti-Pollution Controls5.1. The Atmosphere5.2. The High Seas5.3. Coastal and Inland Waterways5.4. Soil and Groundwater6. Marketing the Products6.1. Large Industrial Customer Installations6.2. Small Industrial and Domestic Customers6.3. Service Stations7. Environmental Technologies Related to Product Use7.1. Fuels7.2. Marine Diesel Engines and Fuels7.3. Fuels for Large Industrial Power Plants7.4. Fuels for Small Industrial and Domestic Installations7.5. Aircraft Engines and Fuels7.6. Engines for Rail Transport7.7. Automotive Engines7.8. Into the Next MilleniumFurther ReadingChapter 12: Lubricants, C.I. Betton1. Introduction2. Performance3. Components4. Base Fluids5. Mineral Oils6. Synthetic Base Oils6.1. Polyol Esters6.2. Poly-a-olefins7. Hydrocracked Mineral Oils8. Additives9. Actual Environmental Effects10. Biodegradability10.1. Biodegradation is not necessary in a lubricant10.2. A biodegradable lubricant will encourage dumping at the expense of collection and disposal10.3. A biodegradable lubricant will degrade in the engine10.4. A biodegradable lubricant will result in high concentrations of toxic residues that are detrimental to the environment10.5. Biodegradation is not necessary, as motor manufacturers are now producing sealed lubricant systems11. Collection and recycling of used oils12. ConclusionReferencesChapter 13: Climate Change Scenarios and Their Potential Impact on World Agriculture, C. Wallace and D. Viner 1. What causes the Climate System to Change?2. Past Climatic Changes3. Anthropogenic Forcing of the Climate System4. Future Changes in Anthropogenic Forcing5. Implications of SRES Scenarios on Global Climate5.1. Temperature5.2. Precipitation5.3. Sea Level Rise5.4. Mitigation Possibilities Within the Agricultural Sector6. Implications of SRES Scenarios on Regional Climate6.1. Europe6.2. North America7. Impacts of Future Climate Change on Agriculture7.1. Europe7.2. North AmericaReferences

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews of the second edition:"The book is simply fantastic. It is easy to read and understand with relevant cases and good layout. This book includes everything we needed. It covers a wide range of realistic situations. . it contains relevant information that you can't find in a lot of books supposedly covering environmental aspects. Written primarily for those working in the oil and related industries, this book also provides essential reference material for government and research institutions and all those with an interest in environmental technological issues." (Current Engineering Practice, 2008)