Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890-1945 by Paul Weindling

Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890-1945

byPaul Weindling

Hardcover | February 3, 2000

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During the First World War, delousing became routine for soldiers and civilians following the recent discovery that the louse carried typhus germs. But how did typhus come to be viewed as a "Jewish disease" and what was the connection between the anti-typhus measures during the First World Warand the Nazi gas chambers in the Second World War? In this powerful book, Professor Weindling draws upon wide-ranging archival research throughout East and Central Europe to the United States, to provide valuable new insight into the history of German medicine from its response to the perceived threat of typhus epidemics from its Eastern borders.He examines how German experts in tropical medicine took an increasingly racialised approach to bacteriology, regarding supposedly racially inferior peoples as carriers of the disease.So they came to view typhus as a "Jewish" disease. By the Second World War as migrants and deportees had become conditioned to expect the ordeal of delousing at border crossings, ports, railway junctions and on entry to camps, so sanitary policing became entwined with racialisation as the Germans sought to eradicate typhus by eradicating theperceived carriers. Typhus had come to assume a new and terrifying genocidal significance, as the medical authorities sealed the German frontiers against diseased undesirables from the east, and gassing became a favoured means of disease eradication.

About The Author

Paul Weindling, Professor in History of Medicine, Oxford Brookes University.

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Title:Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890-1945Format:HardcoverPublished:February 3, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198206917

ISBN - 13:9780198206910

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Table of Contents

PART 1: MICROBES AND MIGRANTS1. Disease as Metamorphosis2. Eradicating Parasites3. Cleansing Bodies, Defending Borders4. The First World War and Combating LicePART II: CONTAINMENT5. Defending German Health: Technical Solutions6. The Sanitary Iron Curtain: The Relief of Polish and Russian Typhus7. German-Soviet Medical Collaboration8. The Demise of InternationalismPART III: ERADICATION9. From Geo medicine to Genocide10. Delousing and the Holocaust11. 'Victory with Vaccines': Human Guinea Pigs and Louse Feeders12. From Medical Research to Biological Warfare13. Clinical Trials on TrialAPPENDICESTyphus statistics in Germany, Poland, Russia, and the UkraineTyphus Vaccines and Sera, 1876-1944Select BibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

`dense and academic but at the same time stimulating ... a compelling work.' G.E. Snow, CHOICE Nov 2000, Vol. 38, No.3.