Epistemic Justification

Paperback | July 15, 2001

byRichard Swinburne

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Richard Swinburne offers an original treatment of a question at the heart of epistemology: what makes a belief a rational one, or one which the believer is justified in holding? He maps the various totally different and purportedly rival accounts that philosophers give of epistemicjustification ('internalist' and 'externalist'), and argues that they are really accounts of different concepts. He distinguishes (as most epistemologists do not) between synchronic justification (justification at a time) and diachronic justification (synchronic justification resulting from adequateinvestigation) -- both internalist and externalist. He argus that most kinds of justification are worth having because (for different reasons) indicative of truth. However, it is only justification of intermalist kinds that can guide a believer's actions. Swinburne goes on to show the usefulness ofthe probability calculus in elucidating how empirical evidence makes beliefs probably true: every proposition has an intrinsic probability (an a priori probability independent of empirical evidence) which may be increased or decreased by empirical evidence. This innovative and challenging book will refresh epistemology and rewrite its agenda.

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Richard Swinburne offers an original treatment of a question at the heart of epistemology: what makes a belief a rational one, or one which the believer is justified in holding? He maps the various totally different and purportedly rival accounts that philosophers give of epistemicjustification ('internalist' and 'externalist'), and ar...

Richard Swinburne is Nolloth Professor of the Philosophy of the Christian Religion at Oriel College, Oxford

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:272 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.55 inPublished:July 15, 2001Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199243794

ISBN - 13:9780199243792

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. Theory of Synchronic Justification2. Belief3. Probability4. The Criteria of Logical Probability5. Basicality6. The Value of Synchronic Justification7. The Value of Diachronic Justification8. KnowledgeAppendix: Predictivism, Additional Notes, Index