Epistemic Situationism by Abrol FairweatherEpistemic Situationism by Abrol Fairweather

Epistemic Situationism

EditorAbrol Fairweather, Mark Alfano

Hardcover | May 20, 2017

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This volume is the first sustained examination of epistemic situationism: the clash between virtue epistemology and the situationist hypothesis inspired by research in empirical psychology. Situationism began as a challenge to the psychology of character traits, targeting ethical theories thatpresuppose a trait psychology. Psychological research suggests that (often trivial) environmental variables have greater explanatory power than character traits. Epistemology pursues questions about the nature of knowledge. While there are internal differences within virtue epistemology betweenresponsibilists and reliabilists, they all analyze knowledge in terms of epistemic virtues and vices. However, despite promising normative results, virtue epistemology appears to assume the same character-based psychology as virtue ethics does. Until recently, virtue epistemology and situationism were separate literatures, but philosophers have begun to examine the apparent incompatibility between situationist psychology and virtue epistemology. Much of the psychological research that raises questions about the empirical adequacy of themoral psychology of virtue ethics also appears to raise doubts about the empirical adequacy of the epistemic psychology assumed by virtue epistemology. Responsibilist virtue epistemology appears particularly vulnerable because epistemic virtues like open mindedness, conscientiousness andintellectual courage are traits of intellectual character, but reliabilist virtue epistemology appeals to the psychology of cognitive skills, abilities, and competences that may be similarly vulnerable. The essays in this volume take up this new problem of epistemic situationism from multiple pointsof view - some sceptical or revisionary, others conservative.
Abrol Fairweather is a lecturer in the philosophy department at San Francisco State University. He received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Santa Barbara. In addition to multiple articles, Abrol has edited four collections of papers related to virtue epistemology and intellectual virtue, including Naturalizing Epistemic Vi...
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Title:Epistemic SituationismFormat:HardcoverDimensions:272 pages, 9.21 × 6.02 × 0 inPublished:May 20, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199688230

ISBN - 13:9780199688234

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Table of Contents

Abrol Fairweather: Introduction: Epistemic Situationism1. Lauren Olin: Is Every Epistemology A Virtue Epistemology?2. Mark Alfano: Epistemic Situationism: An extended prolepsis3. Berit Brogaard: Virtue Epistemology in the Zombie Apocalypse: Hungry Judges, Heavy Clipboards and Group Polarization4. James Montmarquet: Situationism and Responsibilist Virtue Epistemology5. Ernest Sosa: Virtue Theory Against Situationism6. Chris Lepock: Intellectual Virtue Now and Again7. Kurt Sylvan: Responsibilism Out of Character8. John Turri: Epistemic Situationism and Cognitive Ability9. J. Adam Carter and Duncan Pritchard: Epistemic Situationism, Epistemic Dependence and the Epistemology of Education10. Jason Baehr: The Situationist Challenge to Educating For Intellectual Virtues11. Heidi Grasswick: Feminist Responsibilism, Situationism and the Complexities of the Virtue of Trustworthiness12. Nicole Smith: Moods and Their Unexpected Virtues