Epistemology, Logic and Grammar In Indian Philosophical Analysis

Paperback | June 29, 2015

byBimal Krishna Matilal

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This landmark classic marks the beginning of a new approach to Indian philosophy. While older approaches were born from the assumption that critical thinking was unknown to the East and all philosophical endeavor was assumed to be a manifestation of religious doctrine or a form of mysticism,Matilal brilliantly succeeds in dispelling these assumptions and so opens up the rich traditions of Indian philosophical analysis to the modern reader. Is reality actually knowable and therefore expressible in language? Matilal locates his analysis in this central debate and brings in Indian philosophical texts as pivotal, canonical statements of epistemological and methodological relevance. This edition incorporates additions and changes made byMatilal in his personal copy. Edited and with a preface by Jonardon Ganeri, the volume is a lucid introduction to the varied legacy of Indian philosophical analysis.

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This landmark classic marks the beginning of a new approach to Indian philosophy. While older approaches were born from the assumption that critical thinking was unknown to the East and all philosophical endeavor was assumed to be a manifestation of religious doctrine or a form of mysticism,Matilal brilliantly succeeds in dispelling th...

Bimal Krishna Matilal (1935-91) was Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics, All Souls College, Oxford. Jonardon Ganeri is Recurrent Visiting Professor of Philosophy, Kingas College London, and Global Professor, New York University.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:168 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.54 inPublished:June 29, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199460930

ISBN - 13:9780199460939

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Table of Contents

Preface to the New Edition: J. GaneriPreface to the First EditionChronological Table of Philosophers1. Perception and Language1.1. General remarks on the problem1.2. Early Nyaya theory of perception1.3. The rise of idealism1.4. Bhartrhari's theory of knowledge: 'Construction'(vikalpa)1.5. Dinnaga's theory of perception1.6. Word-meaning as 'exclusion' (apoha)1.7. Dinnaga and modem reductionism2. Individuals, Universals, and Perception2.1. A critique of the Dinnaga school2.2. Material bodies and their atomic constituents2.3. 'Inseparable' relation (samavaya)2.4. The law of contradiction and the 'delimitors'2.5. Universals as meanings of general terms2.6. Uses of articles and quantifiers: 'Modes' of reference2.7. The problem of 'real' universal (jati)2.8. The notion of 'propositional' perception2.9. Non-qualificative perception in Navya-nyaya: 'Simple' properties2.1 0. Terms and propositional assertions3. Early Grammarians on Philosophical Semantics3.1. Preliminary remarks3.2. The notion of 'substance' : Paninias rule 1.2.643.3. 'Substance' and 'quality': Paninias rule 5.1.1193.4. Two aspects of meaning: Vyadi and Vajapyayana3.5. Bhartrhari's definition of 'substance'3.6. Vyadi's theory of meaning3.7. An analysis of Vyadi's theory in modem terminology4. Empty Subject Terms in Logic4.1. Non-referring expressions in language4.2. The riddle of 'non-being'4.3. The status of 'example' in Indian logic4.4. The NyaAya-Buddhist controversy4.5. The epistemological significance of the controversy4.6. The implicit Nyaya semantic principle4.7. Interpretation of existence and negation4.8. The pan-fictional approach of Buddhism5. Negation and the Madhyamika Dialectic5.1. The Madhyamika attitudeaaemptiness'5.2. Two levels of truth5.3. The indeterminacy of the phenomenal world5.4. The paradox of 'emptiness'5.5. Sophistry and the semantical paradoxes5.6. Two aspects of negation5.7. 'Mysticism' and the Madhyamika schoolBibliographical ReferencesIndex