Equalizing Access: Affirmative Action in Higher Education: India, US, and South Africa

Hardcover | January 31, 2012

EditorZoya Hasan, Martha C. Nussbaum

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The idea of human equality and the requirement from the state to provide equal opportunity to all lie at the foundation of modern democracy. Focusing on the area of higher education, this volume discusses the notion of 'affirmative action', a generic term covering diverse measures-quotas,special institutions for the underprivileged, extra points on a 'scale of deprivation'-that are employed to ensure equal opportunity. While analysing the situation in India, the volume also compares the debates and policies on affirmative action in India with those in the United States and South Africa. The essays explore the influence of the 'creamy layer' on marginalized groups in a community, the new trends in higher educationin India, and the place of the hitherto overlooked disparities of gender, religion, and the urban/rural divide in the discourse on affirmative action. The contributors come from varied disciplines including politics, sociology, law, economics, philosophy, and governance.

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The idea of human equality and the requirement from the state to provide equal opportunity to all lie at the foundation of modern democracy. Focusing on the area of higher education, this volume discusses the notion of 'affirmative action', a generic term covering diverse measures-quotas,special institutions for the underprivileged, ex...

Zoya Hasan is a Professor at the Centre for Political Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. Martha C. Nussbaum is the Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics at the Department of Philosophy, Law School, and Divinity School of the University of Chicago.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:296 pages, 8.46 × 5.51 × 0.98 inPublished:January 31, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198075057

ISBN - 13:9780198075059

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Table of Contents

Zoya Hasan and Martha C. Nussbaum: Introduction1. Henry S. Richardson: On the Sites of Remedial Justice: Colleges, Clinics, and the State2. Thomas E. Weisskopf: Rethinking Affirmative Action in Admissions to Higher Educational Institutions3. Martha C. Nussbaum: Affirmative Action and the Goals of Education4. Prabhat Patnaik: Affirmative Action and the 'Efficiency Argument'5. P.S. Krishnan: Indian Social Justice Vs. American Affirmative Action and the Case of Higher Education6. Saleem Badat: Redressing the Colonial/Apartheid Legacy: Social Equity, Redress, and Higher Education Admissions in Democratic South Africa7. Diane P. Wood: Affirmative Action in Higher Education: The Ambivalent Experience of the United States8. Rajeev Dhavan: How Parliament Discusses Reservations: Examining the Debates on the Central Educational Bill9. Jayati Ghosh: Towards a New Paradigm for Ensuring Universal Access to Quality Education10. Satish Deshpande: Social Justice and Higher Education in India Today: Markets, States, Ideologies, and Inequalities in a Fluid Context11. Zoya Hasan: Trapped in an Invisible Present: Muslims and Inequalities in Higher Education12. D. Parthasarthy: After Reservations: Caste, Institutional Isomorphism, and Affirmative Action in the IITsNotes on Contributors