R. M. Hare is well known both for his seminal work in ethical theory and for his applications of it to practical issues. For this volume he has selected the best of his writings on medical ethics and related topics. Its chief theoretical interest lies in its synthesis between utilitarian andKantian ethics, which are shown to have the same practical consequences. The main practical thesis in the book is that we can harm possible people by preventing them from becoming actual people. This thesis, if understood and accepted, would radically alter the terms of the public debate aboutembryo experimentation and population policy, and (perhaps surprisingly) support a fairly liberal view on abortion. The book also features general introductions to medical and psychiatric ethics, and essays on the concept of healh, on the morality of experimentation on children, on health care policy, on free will, and on vegetarianism.