Essential Criminology by Mark M. LanierEssential Criminology by Mark M. Lanier

Essential Criminology

byMark M. Lanier, Stuart Henry, Desire' J.M. Anastasia

Paperback | December 1, 2007

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In the fourth edition of Essential Criminology, authors Mark M. Lanier, Stuart Henry, and Desire .M. Anastasia build upon this best-selling critical review of criminology, which has become essential reading for students of criminology in the 21st century.

Designed as an alternative to overly comprehensive, lengthy, and expensive introductory texts, Essential Criminology is, as its title implies, a concise overview of the field. The book guides students through the various definitions of crime and the different ways crime is measured. It then covers the major theories of crime, from individual-level, classical, and rational choice to biological, psychological, social learning, social control, and interactionist perspectives. In this latest edition, the authors explore the kind of criminology that is needed for the globally interdependent twenty-first century. With cutting-edge updates, illustrative real-world examples, and new study tools for students, this text is a necessity for both undergraduate and graduate courses in criminology.

Mark M. Lanieris professor and the Dean's Assistant in the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Alabama. He is the author or editor of 12 books on crime and research methods, includingResearch Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology: A Mixed Methods Approach(Oxford University).Stuart Henryis professor of Criminal Justi...
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Title:Essential CriminologyFormat:PaperbackDimensions:434 pages, 9.25 × 6.25 × 1 inPublished:December 1, 2007Publisher:Taylor and FrancisLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0813348854

ISBN - 13:9780813348858

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Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures
Preface and Acknowledgments

1 What Is Criminology? The Study of Crime, Criminals, and Victims in a Global Context

Globalization
What is Criminology?
What is Victimology?
Summary and Conclusion
Discussion Questions

2 What is Crime? Defining the Problem

Legal Definition
Consensus and Conflict Approaches
Hagan’s Pyramid of Crime
Crime Prism
Application of the Prism to the Problem of School Violence
Crimes of the Powerless
Crimes of the Powerful
Summary and Conclusion
Discussion Questions

3 Classical, Neoclassical, and Rational Choice Theories

The Preclassical Era
The Classical Reaction
Neoclassical Revisions
Criminal Justice Implications: The Move to “Justice” Theory
Redefining Rational Choice: Situational Factors and Routine Activities Theory
Conceptual and Empirical Limitations: What the Research Shows
Summary and Conclusion
Summary Chart: Classical, Rational Choice and Routine Activities Theories
Discussion Questions

4 “Born to Be Bad”: Biological, Physiological and Biosocial Theories of Crime

Biological and Positivistic Assumptions
The Born Criminal
Early U.S. Family-Type and Body-Type Theories
Contemporary Biological Perspectives
Biosocial Criminology: A Developmental Explanation of Crime
Conceptual and Empirical Limitations
Criminal Justice Policy Implications
Summary and Conclusion
Summary Chart: Biological Theory
Discussion Questions

5 Criminal Minds: Psychiatric and Psychological Explanations for Crime

From Sick Minds to Abnormal Behavior
Shared Psychological Assumptions
The Psychoanalytic Approach
Trait-Based Personality Theories
Behavioral, Situational, and Social Learning and Modeling Theories
Cognitive Theories
Ecological Psychology
Evolutionary Psychology
Summary and Conclusion
Summary Chart: Psychological Theories of Crime
Discussion Questions

6 Learning Criminal Behavior: Social Process Theories

Common Themes and Different Assumptions
Sutherland’s Differential Association Theory
Cognitive Social Learning
Neutralization Theory: Learning Rationalizations as Motives
Summary and Conclusion
Summary Chart: Social Process Theories
Discussion Questions

7 Failed Socialization: Control Theory, Social Bonds, and Labeling

Control Theory: Learning not to Commit Crime
Labeling Theory: A Special Case of Failed Socialization?
Summary and Conclusion
Summary Chart: Control Theory and Labeling Theory
Discussion Questions

8 Crimes of Place: Social Ecology and Cultural Theories of Crime

The Historical Roots of Social Ecology Theory
Common Themes and Assumptions
The Chicago School
The New Social Ecology Theories
Cultural Theories of Crime and Deviance
Summary and Conclusion
Summary Chart: Social Ecology Theory and Culture Conflict Theory
Discussion Questions

9 The Sick Society: Anomie, Strain, and Subcultural Theory

Common Themes and Assumptions
Founders of Anomie and Strain Theory
Recent Revisions to Anomie and Strain Theory
Summary and Conclusion
Summary Chart: Anomie and Strain Theory
Discussion Questions

10 Capitalism as a Criminogenic Society: Conflict and Radical Theories of Crime

Common Themes and Assumptions and some Key Differences
The Roots of Conflict Criminology
Contemporary Conflict Criminology
The Roots of Radical Theory: Marx’s Analysis of Capitalist Society
Contemporary Radical Criminology
Central Themes and Assumptions
Summary and Conclusion
Summary Chart: Conflict Theory and Radical Theory
Discussion Questions

11 Patriarchy, Gender and Crime: Feminist Criminological Theory

Common Themes and Assumptions
Liberal Feminism
Radical Feminism
Marxist Feminism
Socialist Feminism
Gendered Theory
Epistemological Issues and Postmodern Feminism
Summary and Conclusion
Summary Chart: Feminist Theory
Discussion Questions

12 New Directions in Critical Criminological Theory

Critical Criminologies
Summary and Conclusion
Summary Chart: Left Realism, Postmodern/Constitutive Theory and Abolition/Peacemaking Restorative Justice
Discussion Questions
Note

13 Conclusion: Toward a Unified Criminology

Integrative Criminologies
Reciprocal-Interactive Integrative Criminology
Robert Agnew’s Unifying Criminology
Summary and Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Note

References
Index

Editorial Reviews

"Essential Criminology represents a significant advancement in our approach to educating students about the definition and use of different criminological perspectives. By presenting the major theoretical perspectives in simplified language and by the use of modern-day examples and current research findings, students are able to develop a more meaningful understanding for the role that theory plays in the development and implementation of crime policy."—Lynette Lee-Sammns, California State University, Scaramento"Essential Criminology is the first important shift in the content and presentation of introductory criminology textbooks in over two decades. Survey textbooks should do two things: teach students the basics and discuss where future directions are leading us. The majority do the former but ignore the latter. Lanier and Henry accomplish both. Comprehensive and future-oriented, the book provides the introductory student the broad brush of criminological thought within the context of new and expanded ideas. Students will enjoy Essential Criminology because it makes difficult concepts easy to understand without leveling down, uses examples akin to today's student's experience, and carries the theme of crime as harm in any kind across every page of every chapter. A first-rate textbook."—John Ortiz Smykla, University of Alabama