Essential Logic: Basic Reasoning Skills for the Twenty-First Century by Ronald C. PineEssential Logic: Basic Reasoning Skills for the Twenty-First Century by Ronald C. Pine

Essential Logic: Basic Reasoning Skills for the Twenty-First Century

byRonald C. Pine

Paperback | August 15, 1995

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Essential Logic offers: * Readability. A dialogue-like yet challenging style makes this introductory logic textbook engaging and interesting. * Essentials. Deductive and inductive reasoning, formal and informal logic are placed within a philosophical perspective. * Rigor. A careful sequence of learning steps communicates the essential skills of reasoning and directs students to write, support, and argue by connecting criticism to key concepts. * Relevance. Explanations and examples take students' lives into consideration and are designed for students with diverse backgrounds and a wide range of experiences. * A Theme. Traditional concepts are integrated with a discussion of modern technological issues and the world view of modern science. A unique chapter on Logic and Hope addresses questions students often ask and suggests a global perspective. * Controversy. Students are encouraged to defend and critique positions--including those presented by the author. A unique final chapter on Fuzzy Logic is framed as a debate between Western and Eastern philosophy. * Exercises. Students gain confidence in recognizing arguments, structuring them into premises and conclusions, identifying and critiquing informal fallacies, while learning to create, follow, and appreciate symbolic reasoning trails. * Coverage. Chapters cover Argument Recognition and Language Analysis, Inductive Reasoning, Structuring Informal Fallacies, Symbolic Translation, Truth Tables, Formal Proofs of Validity, Quantification, and the basics of Fuzzy Set Theory and Propositional Logic.

About The Author

Ronald Pine is at Honolulu Community College.

Details & Specs

Title:Essential Logic: Basic Reasoning Skills for the Twenty-First CenturyFormat:PaperbackDimensions:432 pages, 6.89 × 9.09 × 0.71 inPublished:August 15, 1995Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019515505X

ISBN - 13:9780195155051

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

PrefaceIntroductionChapter 1 - Why Study LogicLogic as a Defensive ToolDeductive ReasoningValid, Invalid, and Sound ArgumentsLogic and Belief TestingKey TerminologyConcept SummaryExercisesChapter 2 - Arguments and LanguageRecognizing ArgumentsOther Uses of LanguageMeaning and ClarificationWhat is Truth?Key TerminologyConcept SummaryExercisesChapter 3 - Inductive Reasoning and Reasonable BeliefsDeduction and InductionInduction and Reliable BeliefsInduction: A Case StudyLogic and CreativityKey TerminologyConcept SummaryExercisesChapter 4 - Informal Fallacies IIntroductionThe Value of AbstractionFallacies of RelevanceAppeal to PopularityAppeal to AuthorityTraditional WisdomProvincialismAppeal to LoyaltyTwo Wrongs Make a RightAd Hominem Abusive and CircumstantialIrrelevant ReasonKey TerminologyConcept SummaryExercisesChapter 5 - Informal Fallacies IIIntroductionFallacies of Questionable PremiseSlippery SlopeQuestionable DilemmaStraw PersonFallacies of Weak InductionHasty ConclusionQuestionable CauseAppeal to IgnoranceFallacies of PresumptionBegging the QuestionComplex QuestionAmbiguity-EquivocationQuestionable AnalogySuppressed EvidenceKey TerminologyConcept SummaryExercisesChapter 6 - Logic and HopeExercisesChapter 7 - Symbolic TranslationIntroductionLogical ConnectivesUsage Dictionary of Logical ConnectivesExercise IExercise IIComplex Translations, the Use of Parentheses, and ArgumentsExercise IIIExercise IVExercise VChapter 8 - Bit Brains Logical Connectives, and Truth TablesIntroductionSymbolic Pictures of Logical Connectives: And, Or, and NotExercise ILogical Connectives Continued: If . . . then . . . and If and only ifExercise IIShort Cuts and Human LearningTruth Tables, Validity, and Logical PicturesExercise IIIExercise IVArgument Forms and VariablesExercise VBrief Truth TablesExercise VIChapter 9 - Symbolic Trails and Formal Proofs of ValidityIntroductionConstructing Formal Proofs of ValidityStep 1: Recognizing Forms: Copi's "Nine" Rules of InferenceStep 1 ExercisesStrategies for Pattern RecognitionStep 2: Justifying Reasoning Trails with the Rules of InferenceStep 2 ExercisesStep 3: On Your Own, Constructing Formal Proofs with the Rules of InferenceStep 3 ExercisesTranslations and Formal ProofsChapter 10 - Symbolic Trails and Formal Proofs of Validity, Part 2IntroductionApplication PracticeThe Nineteen RulesStep 4: Rules of Replacement ExercisesCommonsense OriginsStrategies for Pattern Recognition RevisitedStep 5 ExercisesSubroutinesDirection, Strategies, and Working BackwardStep 6 ExercisesBrief Truth Tables Revisited and Decision StrategiesTranslation and Formal Proof ExercisesHoliday AdventuresClarification ExercisesChapter 11 - Other Logical Tools: Syllogisms and QuantificationIntroductionSyllogisms and Quantification LogicUsage DictionaryDictionary ElaborationExercise IProving Validity in Quantification LogicThe Square of Opposition and Change of Quantifier RulesExercise IIExercise IIIExercise IVExercise VExercise VIExercise VIIFinal NoteChapter 12 - Frontiers of Logic--Fuzzy Logic: Can Aristotle and Buddha Get Along?IntroductionBivalent Logic and ParadoxesFuzzy Interpretations and Degrees of TruthFuzzy Conditionals and Fuzzy ValidityResolution of Paradoxes and ImplicationsPhilosophy: What about reality?Exercise IExercises II-IVExercises V