ETC.: Frequency Processing and Cognition

Hardcover | September 1, 2002

EditorPeter Sedlmeier, Tilmann Betsch

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From childhood, each of us develops our own personal set of theories and beliefs about the world in which we live. Given the impossibility of knowing about every event that can ever take place, we use cognitive short cuts to try to predict and make sense of the world around us. One of thefundamental pieces of information we use to predict future events, and make sense of past events, is 'frequency' - how often has such an event happened to us, or how often have we observed a particular event? With such information we will make inferences about the likelihood of its futureappearance. We will make judgements, assess risk, or even consumer decisions, on the basis of this information. We also form associations between events that frequently occur together, and even (often incorrectly) attribute causality between one event and the other as a result of their simultaneousappearance. How is it though that we process such information? How does our brain deal with information on frequencies? How does such information influence our behaviour, beliefs, and judgements? Important new findings on this topic have come from research within both social and cognitive psychology, thoughuntil now, never brought together in a single volume. This is the first book to bring together two disparate literatures on this topic - drawing on research from both cognitive psychology and social psychology. Including contributions from world leaders in the field, this is a timely, and long overdue volume on this topic.

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From childhood, each of us develops our own personal set of theories and beliefs about the world in which we live. Given the impossibility of knowing about every event that can ever take place, we use cognitive short cuts to try to predict and make sense of the world around us. One of thefundamental pieces of information we use to pred...

Peter Sedlmeier is at University of Chemitz, Germany. Tilmann Betsch is at University of Heidelberg, Germany.

other books by Peter Sedlmeier

Format:HardcoverDimensions:332 pages, 9.45 × 6.61 × 0.92 inPublished:September 1, 2002Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198508638

ISBN - 13:9780198508632

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Table of Contents

1. Sedlmeier, Betsch and Renkewitz: Frequency Processing and Cognition: Introduction and OverviewTheoretical Models and Perspectives2. Zacks and Hasher: Frequency processing: A twenty-five year perspective3. Brown: Encoding, representing and estimating event frequencies: A multiple strategy perspective4. Gigerenzer: In the year 2054: Innumeracy defeated5. Fiedler: Frequency judgements and retrieval structures: Splitting, zooming and merging the units of the empirical world6. Schwarz and Wanke: Experiential and contextual heuristics in frequency judgement: Ease of recall and response scales7. Betsch and Pohl: Tversky and Kahneman's availability approach to frequency judgement: a critical analysis8. Dougherty and Franco-Watkins: A memory models approach to frequency and probability judgement: Applications of Minerva 2 and Minerva-DM9. Sedlmeier: Associative learning and frequency judgements: The PASS model10. Gallistel: Frequency, contingency and the information processing theory of conditioningEssential Empirical Results11. Reber and Zupanek: Effects of processing fluency on estimates of probability and frequency12. Schimmack: Frequency judgements of emotions: The cognitive basis of personality assessment13. Haberstroh and Betsch: Online strategies versus memory-based strategies in frequency estimation14. Baumann and Krems: Frequency learning and order effects in belief updating15. Kleiter, Doherty and Brake: The psychophysics metaphor in calibration researchPractical Implications16. Alba: Frequency effects in consumer decision making17. Wettler: Free word associations and the frequency of co-occurrence in language use18. Hertwig and Hoffrage: Technology needs Psychology: How natural frequencies foster insight in medical and legal experts19. Betsch and Sedlmeier: Frequency processing and cognition: Stock-taking and outlook