Ethical Choices: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy with Cases

Paperback | August 13, 2010

byRichard Burnor, Yvonne Raley

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Ideal for students with little or no background in philosophy, Ethical Choices: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy with Cases provides a concise, balanced, and highly accessible introduction to ethics. Featuring an especially lucid and engaging writing style, the text surveys a wide range ofethical theories and perspectives including consequentialist ethics, deontological ethics, natural and virtue ethics, the ethics of care, and ethics and religion.Each chapter of Ethical Choices also includes compelling case studies that are carefully matched with the theoretical material. Many of these cases address issues that students can relate directly to their own lives: the drinking age, student credit card debt, zero tolerance policies, gradeinflation, and video games. Other cases discuss current topics like living wills, obesity, human trafficking, torture "lite," universal health care, and just-war theory. The cases provide students with practice in addressing real-life moral choices, as well as opportunities to evaluate theusefulness and applicability of each ethical theory. Every case study concludes with a set of Thought Questions to guide students as they reflect upon the issues raised by that case.Ethical Choices is enhanced by several pedagogical features. These include summaries at the end of each section, lists of key terms, questions For Reflection and Discussion at the end of each chapter, Guidelines for a Case Study Analysis, and suggestions For Further Reading that include Internetsources. Starred sections indicate more advanced material that may be included at the instructor's discretion. A companion website at www.oup.com/us/burnor contains additional resources for both students and instructors: chapter outlines, flashcards of key terms, sets of Helpful Hints to further aidstudents in mastering the material, and an additional chapter on our Moral Obligations Towards the Future.

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Ideal for students with little or no background in philosophy, Ethical Choices: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy with Cases provides a concise, balanced, and highly accessible introduction to ethics. Featuring an especially lucid and engaging writing style, the text surveys a wide range ofethical theories and perspectives including ...

Richard Burnor is Professor of Philosophy at Felician College. Dr. Burnor has also published articles in the philosophy of science, metaphysics, and teaching philosophy. Yvonne Raley is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Felician College, and has published articles in metaphysics and ethics.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:272 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:August 13, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195332954

ISBN - 13:9780195332957

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Table of Contents

Each chapter includes a "For Reflection and Discussion" section.Preface to InstructorGuidelines for a Case Study AnalysisIntroduction: On the Practical Importance of EthicsPart I: Introducing Ethics1. The Nature of MoralityI. What is Ethics?II. Moral ClaimsIII. Non-Moral Normative ClaimsIV. Characterizing Moral ClaimsCase 1: The Real Price of CoffeeCase 2: Jurassic Kitty: Should I Clone My Cat?2. Moral and Non-moral ValuesI. The Role of ValuesII. Fundamental and Instrumental ValuesIII. Explanation and Fundamental ValuesValues ExerciseCase 1: Mr. ResearchCase 2: Sex Selection3. Personal Autonomy and Moral AgencyI. IntroductionII. Personal AutonomyIII. Exercising Moral AgencyIV. Value-Free and Value-Guided AutonomyCase 1: Elizabeth BouviaCase 2: Should the Drinking Age be 18?Case 3: The Living WillCase 4: Buy Now, Pay Later: Student Credit Card Debt4. Moral RelativismI. IntroductionII. The Claims of Moral RelativismIII. Evaluating SubjectivismIV. Considerations in Support of Popular RelativismV. Arguments against RelativismVI. A Matter of ToleranceVII. Can Moral Relativism Supply Something that Objectivism Cannot?Case 1: Female Genital MutilationCase 2: Religious Exemption and the Death of Matthew SwanCase 3: Women in the Middle East5. Moral Reasoning and Ethical TheoriesI. IntroductionII. Moral Reasoning, Principles and JudgmentsIII. Fundamental Moral PrinciplesIV. Ethical Theories and their AssessmentCase 1: Guess Who's Not Coming to DinnerCase 2: Who's Responsible for Obesity?Part II: A Ssurvey of Ethical Theories and PerspectivesConsequentialist Ethics: EgoismI. IntroductionII. Hedonism and ConsequentialismIII. Utility and Mill's Account of QualitiesIV. Ethical EgoismV. Psychological EgoismCase 1: Human TraffickingCase 2: Sponsoring a Child7. Consequentialist Ethics: Act UtilitarianismI. IntroductionII. The Theory of Act UtilitarianismIII. Considerations Supporting Act UtilitarianismIV. Problems with Act UtilitarianismV. Beyond Classical UtilitarianismCase 1: Should Your Next Car be a Hybrid?Case 2: Factory Farming and the Suffering of AnimalsCase 3: Torture Lite8. Consequentialist Ethics: Rule UtilitarianismI. IntroductionII. Rule UtilitarianismIII. Comparing Rule Utilitarianism and Act UtilitarianismIV. Problems with Rule UtilitarianismV. The Issue of JusticeCase 1: Zero Tolerance Policies and Student MisconductCase 2: Curbing Grade InflationCase 3: Global Warming and OilCase 4: Stem Cells and Parkinson's DiseaseCase 5: Universal Health Care9. Deontological EthicsI. IntroductionII. Ross's EthicsIII. Kant's Theory - the Good WillIV. Kant's Categorical Imperative: Principle of EndsV. Kant's Categorical Imperative: Principle of Universal LawVI. Kant's Categorical Imperative: Principle of AutonomyVII. Criticisms of Kantian EthicsCase 1: A Demanding Honor CodeCase 2: The Ayala CaseCase 3: Internet Bride - Straight from AsiaCase 4: A Personal DecisionCase 5: Beefy Burgers and a Lean Future10. Natural Ethics: Natural Law and Natural RightsI. IntroductionII. Natural Law TheoryIII. Addressing Moral ConflictsIV. Some Problems for Natural Law TheoryV. Natural RightsVI. Some DistinctionsVII. Some Concerns with RightsCase 1: Relieving Pain in a Dying PatientCase 2: Birth ControlCase 3: Locke and Load: Lockean Rights and Gun ControlCase 4: Just-War Theory and the Killing of Non-CombatantsCase 5: Permanent Vegetative State: The Case of Terri Schiavo11. Virtue EthicsI. IntroductionII. A Critique of Principle-based EthicsIII. The Heart of Virtue EthicsIV. Aristotle's Virtue EthicsV. Classifying the VirtuesVI. Criticisms of Virtue EthicsCase 1: Video GamesCase 2: Compulsive Gambling and the InternetCase 3: The Unlikely RescueCase 4: Moral Luck12. The Ethics of CareI. IntroductionII. The Development of Care EthicsIII. Foundations for an Ethics of CareIV. Care Theory and Virtue EthicsV. A Blueprint for ReformVI. Objections and ProblemsVII. A Concluding ReflectionCase 1: Parent Responsibility Towards Their in Utero ChildCase 2: The Nestle BoycottCase 3: Absolute Poverty13. Ethics and ReligionI. IntroductionII. The Autonomy Thesis and ReligionIII. Divine Command TheoryIV. An Alternate Dependency AccountV. Objections and ElaborationsVI. The Alternate Dependency Account and CompletenessCase 1: Religious Symbols and Public SchoolsCase 2: By Divine Command?Case 3: A Question of Authority14. Ethics and PracticeI. In Search of a Comprehensive Ethical AccountII. The Practical Dimension: Making Moral ChoicesCase 1: Surfer, Sailor, Whistle-BlowerIndex