Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues

Paperback | September 29, 2015

bySteven M. Cahn, Peter Markie

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Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, Sixth Edition, features fifty-nine selections organized into three parts, providing instructors with great flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of courses in moral philosophy. Spanning 2,500 years of ethical theory, the first part,Historical Sources, ranges from ancient Greece to the twentieth century and now includes the complete text of John Dewey's Theory of Valuation. The second part, Modern Ethical Theory, includes many of the most important essays of the past century. The discussion of varieties of normative ethicscontinues in the work of major contemporary philosophers, while landmark selections reflect concern with moral language and the justification of morality. In the third part, Contemporary Moral Problems, the readings present the current debates over abortion, euthanasia, famine relief,environmentalism, and the use of torture in interrogations, as well as essays on the trolley problem, death, and the meaning of life. One-third of the selections are authored by women. Wherever possible, each reading is printed in its entirety.The sixth edition adds study questions after each reading in order to help students delve more deeply into each work and also features eight new selections and expanded introductions. A password-protected Instructor's Manual is available on the book's Ancillary Resource Center.

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Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, Sixth Edition, features fifty-nine selections organized into three parts, providing instructors with great flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of courses in moral philosophy. Spanning 2,500 years of ethical theory, the first part,Historical Sources, ranges from ancient Greec...

Steven M. Cahn is Professor of Philosophy at The City University of New York Graduate Center. He is the author or editor of more than fifty books. Most recently, he wrote From Student to Scholar: A Candid Guide to Becoming a Professor (2008) and coauthored Happiness and Goodness: Philosophical Reflections on Living Well (2015). Dr. Ca...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:976 pages, 9.21 × 7.4 × 1.3 inPublished:September 29, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190209801

ISBN - 13:9780190209803

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Table of Contents

*=New to this EditionPrefaceIntroductionI. HISTORICAL SOURCESIntroduction, Alasdair MacIntyre1. PlatoEuthyphroDefence of SocratesCritoPhaedo (115d-118)Republic (selections)2. AristotleNicomachean Ethics (selections)3. EpicurusLetter to MenoeceusLeading Doctrines4. CiceroOn Duties (selections)5. EpictetusEnchiridion6. AugustineEnchiridion on Faith, Hope, and Love (selections)7. Thomas AquinasSumma Contra Gentiles (selections)8. Thomas HobbesLeviathan (selections)9. Joseph ButlerFifteen Sermons (selections)10. David HumeA Treatise of Human Nature (selections)An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (selections)11. Immanuel KantGroundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals12. Jeremy BenthamAn Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (selections)13. John Stuart MillUtilitarianism14. Friedrich NietzscheOn the Genealogy of Morals (selections)15. John Dewey *Theory of Valuation16. Albert CamusThe Myth of Sisyphus (selections)17. Jean-Paul SartreExistentialism Is a HumanismII. MODERN ETHICAL THEORYJames Rachels: Introduction18. G.E. MoorePrincipia Ethica (selections)19. H.A. PrichardDoes Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake?20. A.J. AyerLanguage, Truth, and Logic (selections)21. C.L. StevensonThe Emotive Meaning of Ethical Terms22. R.M. HareFreedom and Reason (selections)23. J.J.C. Smart *Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism24. Bernard WilliamsA Critique of Utilitarianism25. W.D.RossThe Right and the Good (selections)26. John RawlsA Theory of Justice (selections)27. David GauthierWhy Contractarianism?28. T.M. Scanlon *Contractualism and Utilitarianism29. Joel FeinbergThe Nature and Value of Rights30. Barbara HermanOn the Value of Acting from the Motive of Duty31. Philippa FootMorality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives32. Christine KorsgaardSkepticism About Practical Reason33. Thomas NagelMoral Luck34. Susan WolfMoral Saints35. G.E.M. AnscombeModern Moral Philosophy36. Julia Annas *Being Virtuous and Doing the Right Thing37. Virginia HeldFeminist Transformations of Moral Theory38. Gilbert HarmanThe Nature of Morality (selections)39. Nicholas L. SturgeonMoral Explanations40. J.L. MackieEthics: Inventing Right and Wrong (selections)41. John McDowellValues and Secondary Qualities42. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong *Moral Intuitionism Meets Empirical Psychology43. Mary Midgley *Trying Out One's New Sword44. James Rachels *Egoism and Moral SkepticismIII. CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMSPeter Singer: Introduction45. Judith Jarvis ThomsonA Defense of Abortion46. Mary Anne WarrenOn the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion47. Don MarquisAn Argument That Abortion is Wrong48. Rosalind HursthouseVirtue Theory and Abortion49. James RachelsActive and Passive Euthanasia50. Philippa FootKilling and Letting Die51. Peter SingerFamine, Affluence, and Morality52. John ArthurFamine Relief and the Ideal Moral Code53. Elliot SoberPhilosophical Problems for Environmentalism54. Henry ShueTorture55. Daniel J. HillTicking Bombs, Torture, and the Analogy with Self-Defense56. Judith Jarvis ThomsonThe Trolley Problem *57. Judith Jarvis ThomsonTurning the Trolley58. Thomas NagelDeath59. Richard TaylorThe Meaning of Life

Editorial Reviews

"There are so many excellent selections covering a broad range of authors and topics that instructors have a more than ample pool from which to construct any number of rich syllabi, allowing for lots of flexibility." --William J. Fitzpatrick, University of Rochester