Ethics in Ancient Israel

Hardcover | December 6, 2014

byJohn Barton

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Ethics in Ancient Israel is a study of ethical thinking in ancient Israel from around the eighth to the second century BC. The evidence for this consists primarily of the Old Testament/ Hebrew Bible and Apocrypha, but also other ancient Jewish writings such as the Dead Sea Scrolls and variousanonymous and pseudonymous texts from shortly before the New Testament period. Professor John Barton argues that there were several models for thinking about ethics, including a 'divine command' theory, something approximating to natural law, a virtue ethic, and a belief in human custom andconvention. Moreover, he examines ideas of reward and punishment, purity and impurity, the status of moral agents and patients, imitation of God, and the image of God in humanity.Barton maintains that ethical thinking can be found not only in laws but also in the wisdom literature, in the Psalms, and in narrative texts. There is much interaction with recent scholarship in both English and German. The book features discussion of comparative material from other ancient NearEastern cultures and a chapter on short summaries of moral teaching, such as the Ten Commandments. This innovative work should be of interest to those concerned with the interpretation of the Old Testament but also to students of ethics.

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Ethics in Ancient Israel is a study of ethical thinking in ancient Israel from around the eighth to the second century BC. The evidence for this consists primarily of the Old Testament/ Hebrew Bible and Apocrypha, but also other ancient Jewish writings such as the Dead Sea Scrolls and variousanonymous and pseudonymous texts from shortl...

John Barton is Oriel and Laing Professor of the Interpretation of Holy Scripture, University of Oxford. His publications include The Theology of the Book of Amos (Cambridge University Press, 2012) and Oracles of God: Perceptions of Ancient Prophecy in Israel after the Exile (2007).

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:336 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 1.04 inPublished:December 6, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199660433

ISBN - 13:9780199660438

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Table of Contents

ForewardIntroduction1. The Sources2. Moral Agents and Moral Patients3. Popular Morality, Custom, and Convention4. The Moral Order5. Obedience to God6. Virtue, character, moral formation, and the ends of life7. Sin, impurity, and forgiveness8. The Consequences of Action9. Ethical Digests10. The Moral Character of GodConclusionBibliography