Ethics in Global Health: Research, Policy and Practice

Hardcover | May 1, 2012

byRuth Macklin

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This is a collection of Ruth Macklin's previously published articles that appeared in scholarly journals or as chapters in books. Dr. Macklin's pioneering work in ethics and global health spans more than two decades. The articles in this volume range from a chapter in a book published in1989 to a journal article currently in press. The essays fall into two broad categories: policy and practice, and multinational research. Topics in the first category include cultural beliefs and attitudes regarding family planning, long-acting contraception, abortion, and more broadly, policiesand practices affecting women's health. Two essays dealing with justice focus on HIV/AIDS: how developing country governments might distribute medications fairly to all who are in need; and what obligations do industrialized countries and world leaders have to provide affordable medications to developing countries. A theme that runsthroughout the essays is a defense of the universality of ethical principles, despite cultural differences that exist around the globe. The section on multinational research includes articles on international ethics guidance documents, such as the Declaration of Helsinki; discussion of theobligations of researchers and sponsors when they conduct research in developing countries; what constitutes exploitation when research is conducted in resource-poor countries; and, as in the first section of the book, the application of universal ethical principles to the global researchenterprise. The author criticizes the view that double standards in research are acceptable: one standard for rich countries, and a lower standard for developing countries. Several essays deal with sensitive and controversial ethical aspects of research on reproductive health and HIV/AIDS.

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This is a collection of Ruth Macklin's previously published articles that appeared in scholarly journals or as chapters in books. Dr. Macklin's pioneering work in ethics and global health spans more than two decades. The articles in this volume range from a chapter in a book published in1989 to a journal article currently in press. T...

Ruth Macklin is Professor of Bioethics in the Department of Epidemiology and Population Health at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the Bronx, New York, USA. She is author or editor of eleven books and more than 200 publications in journals and books in bioethics, philosophy, medicine, and public health.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:436 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:May 1, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199890455

ISBN - 13:9780199890453

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Table of Contents

IntroductionAcknowledgmentsPart One Policy and PracticePart One Policy and Practice1. Ethics and Human Values in Family Planning: Perspectives of Different Cultural and Religious Settings2. Abortion Controversies: Ethics, Politics, and Religion3. Cultural Difference and Long-Acting Contraception4. Respect for Tradition5. Ethics and Equity in Access to HIV Treatment: 3 by 5 Initiative6. Affordable and Accessible Drugs for Developing Countries: Recent Developments7. Global Inequalities in Women's Health: Who Is Responsible for Doing What?8. Toward a Theory of VulnerabilityPart Two Multinational Research9. Universality of the Nuremberg Code10. A Defense of Fundamental Principles and Human Rights: A Response to Baker11. Justice in International Research12. Is Ethics Universal? Gender, Science, and Culture in Reproductive Health Research13. Four Forward-looking Guidance Points14. Avoiding Exploitation15. Avoiding Exploitation16. Yet Another Guideline? The UNESCO Draft Declaration17. Appropriate Ethical Standards18. The Declaration of Helsinki: another revision19. Intertwining Biomedical Research and Public Health in HIV Preventive Microbicide Research20. Ethical Challenges in HIV Microbicide Research: What Protections Do Women Need