Europe, 1648-1815: From the Old Regime to the Age of Revolution

Paperback | July 30, 2003

byRobin W. Winks, Thomas E. Kaiser

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In 1648, Europe was reeling from the destabilizing effects of religious conflict, economic change, and social upheaval. The issues that divided the Church in the late Middle Ages had forced Europeans to choose sides in a bitter and bloody Catholic/Protestant conflict. A powerful capitalistmovement had broken down old social ties, leading to the near disappearance of serfdom in Western Europe and to the formation of a larger merchant class in the cities. The discoveries of the Scientific Revolution had begun to corrode old certainties about the universe, just as the exploration of theNew World was revealing the existence of peoples, cultures, and even continents that would have been unimaginable to previous generations. In the face of such chaos, which led many to fear that society was heading towards an utter breakdown, the European elite engaged in a desperate effort torestore order. Between 1648 and 1750, peoples and governments throughout Europe sought to contain the shift toward anarchy through the reinforcement of religious orthodoxies, the strengthening of national states, and the stiffening of social hierarchies. But by the later eighteenth century, thesuccess of this effort led paradoxically to new institutional and intellectual demands for change. The search for order had given way to a quest for progress. A new movement known as "the Enlightenment" was transforming the old order, and revolution was about to become a Western tradition. Europe, 1648-1815 is a concise narrative of this fascinating epoch in European history. Framing the events of the period in terms of two successive movements--the search for order and the pursuit of reform--this book surveys the political, economic, social, and cultural events of the period, fromthe rise of absolutism to the campaigns of Napoleon, from the creation of European empires in the Americas to the controversies of the Enlightenment. With numerous selections from primary sources, a detailed and updated bibliography, a chronology of the period, and numerous illustrations, Europe,1648-1815 is indispensable for courses on Early Modern Europe. It can be used as a stand-alone textbook or in conjunction with supplementary readings.

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In 1648, Europe was reeling from the destabilizing effects of religious conflict, economic change, and social upheaval. The issues that divided the Church in the late Middle Ages had forced Europeans to choose sides in a bitter and bloody Catholic/Protestant conflict. A powerful capitalistmovement had broken down old social ties, leadi...

Robin W. Winks is at Yale University. Thomas E. Kaiser is at University of Arkansas-Little Rock.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:240 pages, 6.1 × 9.21 × 0.59 inPublished:July 30, 2003Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195154460

ISBN - 13:9780195154467

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Table of Contents

1. The Problem of Divine-Right MonarchyBourbon FranceStuart EnglandCentury of Genius/Century of EverymanSummary2. The Old RegimesThe Economic "Revolutions"The Established PowersThe NewcomersWar and Diplomacy, 1713-1763Summary3. The EnlightenmentThe SettingsThe Core IdeasThe ProgramEnlightened AbsolutismRussia, 1725-1825George III and American IndependenceChallenges to the EnlightenmentSummary4. The French Revolution and NapoleonThe French RevolutionThe Dissolution of the MonarchyThe First RepublicNapoleon and FranceNapoleon and EuropeSummaryChronologySuggested Readings