Europe on Trial: The Story of Collaboration, Resistance, and Retribution during World War II by Istvan DeakEurope on Trial: The Story of Collaboration, Resistance, and Retribution during World War II by Istvan Deak

Europe on Trial: The Story of Collaboration, Resistance, and Retribution during World War II

byIstvan Deak, Norman M. Naimark

Paperback | December 1, 2013

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Europe on Trial explores the history of collaboration, retribution, and resistance during World War II. These three themes are examined through the experiences of people and countries under German occupation, as well as Soviet, Italian, and other military rule. Those under foreign rule faced innumerable moral and ethical dilemmas, including the question of whether to cooperate with their occupiers, try to survive the war without any political involvement, or risk their lives by becoming resisters. Many chose all three, depending on wartime conditions. Following the brutal war, the author discusses the purges of real or alleged war criminals and collaborators, through various acts of violence, deportations, and judicial proceedings at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal as well as in thousands of local courts. Europe on Trial helps us to understand the many moral consequences both during and immediately following World War II.
István Deák, a professor emeritus of history at Columbia University, is an authority on modern Central European and general World War II history. Writing often for the New York Review of Books and the New Republic, Deák has crafted review essays that cover the breadth and depth of the history of Hitler's Europe.Norman M. Naimark is the...
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Title:Europe on Trial: The Story of Collaboration, Resistance, and Retribution during World War IIFormat:PaperbackDimensions:284 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.68 inPublished:December 1, 2013Publisher:Taylor and FrancisLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0813347890

ISBN - 13:9780813347899

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Table of Contents

Introduction

1 From Brutality to International Conventions to Renewed Brutality: Foreign Occupations in European History

2 Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Poland: The First German Conquests

A Perfect Union
Without Firing a Shot
To the Last Bullet

3 Defeat and Submission: Europe’s Honeymoon with Hitler, 1939-1941

Toward a “Great Germanic” Brotherhood?
The Belgians and the French under German Rule
Cozy Islanders
The Pitfalls of Collaboration in the Balkans

4 The Invasion of the Soviet Union and East European Collaboration

Caught Between Two Giants
The Worst Place to Be: Ukraine during the War
Toward a Turning Point in the Conflict

5 Germany’s Many Allies: A Blessing or a Curse?

The Allies of Germany and the “Final Solution”
Mutual Jealousies and Suspicions
Ethnic Cleansing
Hitler’s “Strong-Man” Allies

6 The Beginnings of German Decline: The Growth and Many Dilemmas of the Resistance Movements

Life and Death in the Resistance
The Resistance Press and Radio
The Special Operations Executive (SOE)
Resistance in the Countries Expecting British and American Liberation
Helping Jews

7 Resistance and Civil War in Eastern, Southern, and Southeastern Europe

The East European Tragedy
Poland: An Extraordinary Case
Polish and Jewish Resistance: A Difficult Relationship
Resistance in the German-Occupied Parts of the Soviet Union
Resistance and Chaos in the Balkans
The Gorgopotamos Saga
Slovakia and Transylvania

8 Freedom Fighters or Terrorists: Case Studies of Resistance and Reprisal

The Via Rasella and the Ardeatine Cave
The Oradour Tragedy
Revenge and Ethnic Cleansing at Novi Sad

9 The End of the War, the Apparent Triumph of the Resistance Movements, and the First Retributions

The End in Germany
The Legacy of the German Resistance
The End in the East

10 Purging Hitler’s Europe

The Road to Nuremberg and to the National Court Trials
Justice and Injustice at Nuremberg
Justice and Injustice in the National Courts of Justice

11 The Long Aftermath of Collaboration, Resistance, and Retribution

The Cold War and the Suspension of Retributions
Renewed Attempts at Reprisals

Epilogue

Suggestions for Further Study

Editorial Reviews

“István Deák takes the reader on a sweeping survey of some of the bleakest aspects of a bleak period in European history. He dispenses with comforting national myths and unexamined assumptions of national virtue. World War II was, as he writes, ‘one of the greatest tragedies that humans ever brought upon themselves' a verdict that is amply illustrated by the many evocative, insightful, and distressing examples of human behavior that fill his book.”—The New York Review of Books“Deak's latest book is the product of a long and distinguished career that has produced some of the English-speaking world's most important scholarship concerning the history of eastern and central Europe during the 20th century.” —CHOICE"In Europe on Trial, István Deák offers a penetrating and often distressing analysis of the complex moral and ethical dilemmas facing Europeans during World War II. In the process, he writes a much needed counter narrative to the better known, uplifting stories of courage and honorable behavior. His far more multifaceted tale exposes the indifference and overall inhumanity of Europeans during the war.” —Michigan War Studies Review