European Aristocracies and the Radical Right, 1918-1939

Hardcover | October 4, 2007

EditorKarina Urbach

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This volume brings together the most recent research on European aristocracies in the first half of the twentieth century. An international array of social and political historians analyses the aristocracies of eleven countries at a particularly testing time: the interwar years. After theFirst World War aristocrats were confronted with revolutions, republics, and an influx of 'Bolshevist' ideas. Debates about a new order in which aristocrats would play a leading part took place in all countries after 1918. The Mussolini model, in particular, seemed an ideal solution and had animpact on aristocrats all over Europe. Here the exchange of ideas between networks of related aristocratic families played a part in spreading pro-fascist ideas. Anti-Semitism, anti-Bolshevism, and a belief in charismatic leadership also led to admiration of leaders such as Horthy and Franco. In allcountries radical right-wing movements tried to recruit aristocrats as symbolic if not strategic figureheads. Is it possible, therefore, to speak of a last flourishing of the aristocracy in countries where fascist or authoritarian regimes were successful? Or are we falling for a left-wing conspiracytheory by overestimating the aristocracy's political prowess and failing to see that they often stood as a conservative bulwark against the radical right? The book shows that if radical right-wing parties could not offer new avenues to power centres, aristocrats, despite a natural predisposition,were not tempted to join, or soon lost interest. Yet their flirtations and short-term entanglements with these movements show that they played a destructive role in the great crisis years of parliamentarism.

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This volume brings together the most recent research on European aristocracies in the first half of the twentieth century. An international array of social and political historians analyses the aristocracies of eleven countries at a particularly testing time: the interwar years. After theFirst World War aristocrats were confronted with...

Karina Urbach is Research Fellow, at the German Historical Institute London.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:240 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.83 inPublished:October 4, 2007Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199231737

ISBN - 13:9780199231737

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Table of Contents

1. Karina Urbach: IntroductionPart I: Western Europe2. Stephan Malinowski: A Counter-Revolution d'outre-tombe: Notes on the French Aristocracy and the Extreme Right during the Third Republic and the Vichy Regime3. Jan De Maeyer: Between defence social and Anti-Communism: the Belgian Aristocracy in the Interwar Period4. Karina Urbach: Age of no Extremes? The British Aristocracy between the House of Lords and the Mosley Movement5. Hans de Valk: Between Distance and Attraction: Dutch Aristocracy and the Political Right Wing in the Interwar PeriodPart II: Southern Europe6. Jens Petersen: The Italian Aristocracy, the Savoy Monarchy, and Fascism7. Carlos Collado Seidel: Aristocracy, Fascism, and the Franco Dictatorship (1931-1945)Part III: Central and Eastern Europe8. Eckart Conze: 'Only a dictator can help us now': Aristocracy and the Radical Right in Germany Between the Wars9. Eagle Glassheim: Genteel Nationalists: Nobles and Fascism in Interwar Czechoslovakia10. Lothar Hobelt: Nostalgic Agnostics: Austrian Aristocrats and Politics, 1918-193811. Ignac Romsics: The Hungarian Aristocracy and its Political Attitudes in the Interwar Years12. Constantin Iordachi: Aristocracy, Fascism, and the Social Origins of Mass Politics in Interwar Romania