European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914

Hardcover | August 10, 2006

byR. D. Anderson

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Since the 1970s, the history of universities has become an important scholarly field, but there have been few attempts to bring this work to a wider audience. In European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914, Robert Anderson provides an authoritative account of the development ofEuropean universities in the 'long' nineteenth century. The reforming rulers of the Enlightenment, the 'Humboldtian' model of the university developed in Germany, and Napoleon's institution of a centralized state system all contributed strands to a complex pattern which was reflected, in the age ofnationalism, in distinctive national systems. While 'European' in their traditions, universities were also central to the formation of national elites and national consciousness. There are separate chapters on university systems in Germany, France, Britain (seen here as less of a special case thanis often supposed), Italy and Spain, Russia, and the Habsburg Empire. These chapters are tied to more general themes which include the lasting significance of religious issues despite the progress of secularization, the involvement of professors and students in politics before and after 1848, thegrowth of the research ideal, and the development of the concept of academic freedom. There is a thorough discussion of the sociology of university attendance, and chapters of pioneering synthesis on women and universities and on student communities. Anderson's general argument is that the 'modern' university was consolidated in the 1870s and 1880s; by 1914 its ideals were under strain from academic specialization, the financial demands of scientific research, and the rise of virulent strains of nationalism and antisemitism - yet the liberaluniversity retained its rationale and its vigour. This is no narrow study of educational history, but will appeal to all those with an interest in the political, social, and cultural history of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It also has an extensive multilingual bibliography.

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Since the 1970s, the history of universities has become an important scholarly field, but there have been few attempts to bring this work to a wider audience. In European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914, Robert Anderson provides an authoritative account of the development ofEuropean universities in the 'long' nineteenth cen...

R. D. Anderson is a Professor of Modern History, School of History and Classics, University of Edinburgh.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:348 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.96 inPublished:August 10, 2006Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198206607

ISBN - 13:9780198206606

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. The Ancien Regime2. Enlightened Reform3. France from the Enlightenment to the Napoleonic University4. Germany and the Humboldtian Model5. Students, Professors, and Politics6. Universities, Religion, and the Liberal States7. Curriculum and Culture8. Enrolments and Social Patterns9. The Formation of Elites10. Germany: Academic Golden Age11. Germany: Political Tensions12. France13. The British Isles14. Italy and Spain15. Habsburg and Other Nationalisms16. Russia17. Women and Universities18. Student Communities and Student Politics19. Mission to the People?20. Conclusion: European Universities in 1914BibliographyIndex