Europes Long Century: Society, Politics, and Culture, 1900-1945

Paperback | November 20, 2012

bySpencer Di Scala

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The twentieth century has been interpreted as a short century marked by extremes. According to this view, the century lasted only from 1914 to 1989 or 1991. These dates coincide with the rise and fall of communism that came to power in Russia in 1917 and ended with the fall of the Berlin wall(1989) or that of the Soviet Union (1991). Thus, the concept of a short century is unduly influenced by a Cold War perspective. In Europe's Long Century, Spencer Di Scala presents an alternative view that will be more helpful to undergraduate history students in the twenty-first-century: namely,that twentieth century Europe was actually a "long" century lasting approximately from 1900 to 2000 with patterns and antecedents discernible before the century began and that continue to be elaborated today.Comprehensive, current, and affordable, Europe's Long Century integrates the histories of Eastern Europe, Scandinavia, and the Balkans that are often neglected in similar treatments. It also thoroughly covers the role of science in shaping modern European life, and the book's "biographical sketches"profile the lives of important - though not always well known - people who influenced Europe's long century.

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The twentieth century has been interpreted as a short century marked by extremes. According to this view, the century lasted only from 1914 to 1989 or 1991. These dates coincide with the rise and fall of communism that came to power in Russia in 1917 and ended with the fall of the Berlin wall(1989) or that of the Soviet Union (1991). T...

Spencer Di Scala is Professor of History and past graduate program director at University of Massachusetts Boston. He is the author of several books, including Italy from Revolution to Republic (2009), European Political Thought: 1815-1989 (1998), Italian Socialism Between Politics and History (1996), and Renewing Italian Socialism: N...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:512 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:November 20, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199778515

ISBN - 13:9780199778515

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgmentsList of MapsList of AbbreviationsINTRODUCTION: WHAT IS EUROPE?Europe as a Cultural ConceptionThe Idea of Europe and ChristianityThe European Ideal Becomes SecularizedHegemony versus ConsensusThe Ideal of Unity between the Two World WarsThe European Concept during the Late Twentieth CenturyA Post-Cold War PerspectiveBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYPART ONE: THE EUROPEAN AGE1. DECEMBER 14, 1900The Twentieth Century: Science and IdeologyEuropean SocietyChanging Cultural and Political OutlooksBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESAnna Kuliscioff Cofounder of Italian SocialismMax Planck An Upright German2. THE DEMOCRACIES AND THEIR DILEMMASBritain: Accommodation and MilitancyFrance Muddles ThroughItalian Democracy in the MakingBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESEmmeline Pankhurst "Votes for Women!"Jean-Joseph-Marie-Auguste Jaures Martyr3. THE AUTHORITARIAN STATESThe German Empire: Greater Prussia"That Ramshackle Realm": Austria-HungaryImperial Russia: "Institutions Are of No Importance"BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESFriedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albrecht of Hohenzollern FailureKarl Lueger Mayor of Vienna4. FOREIGN POLICIESBritain: Managing DeclineWorld Policy (Weltpolitik)France's Lost ProvincesShowdown in the BalkansItaly Searches for SecurityBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESTheophile Delcasse Warrior DiplomatFrancis Joseph of Hapsburg Unlucky5. EUROPEAN PERIPHERIESScandinavia: An Ideal UnityDifferent Roads: The Low CountriesThe Making of a Conservative: SwitzerlandThe Iberian StatesSoutheastern EuropeBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESNiels Henrik David Bohr "Uncle Nick"Emile Vandervelde Evolutionary SocialistPART TWO: END OF HEGEMONY6. WORLD WARImperialism and Diplomacy: From Crisis to CrisisHistory of a History: Causes of World War ICombat!The Home FrontsThe War EndsBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESHenry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley A Casualty of WarErich Maria Remarque "But now, for the first time, people learned what it was really like"7. WAR'S IMMEDIATE IMPACT: RUSSIAN AND OTHER REVOLUTIONSWar and the Russian RevolutionsThe German RevolutionEnd of the War in GermanyThe Struggle for PowerFoundation of the Weimar RepublicRevolution in AustriaThe Hungarian RevolutionContinuous Rebellion: Artists and ScientistsBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESVladimir Ilych Ulyanov A Sealed TrainRosa Luxemburg Marxist Martyr8. THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE PEACEThe Paris Peace ConferenceThe Territorial ConsequencesEconomic ConsequencesThe Moral ConsequencesThe League of NationsBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESGeorges Clemenceau TigerSidney Sonnino Failed Diplomatist9. HARD LANDINGS: FROM CRISIS TO FALSE PROSPERITYBritain: Back to 1914France's Quest for SecurityItaly: From "Red Biennium" to FascismWeimar's Three Original SinsThe USSR: The Crisis of NEPBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESJohn Maynard Keynes Savior of CapitalismBenito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini Young RebelPART THREE: AN AGE OF DICTATORS10. THE GREAT DEPRESSION AND THE LIBERAL DEMOCRACIESThe Great DepressionBritish DemocracyTroubled FranceScandinavia: Toward Social DemocracyMarking Time: The Low Countries and SwitzerlandBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESJames Ramsay MacDonald Labour's "Nonperson" Prime MinisterLeon Blum Popular Front11. THE CRISIS OF DEMOCRACY IN EASTERN AND SOUTHERN EUROPEThe Victors of the Versailles SettlementThe Versailles Settlement's LosersThe Aegean and the AdriaticIberiaBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESJosef Klemens Pilsudski Polish DictatorThomas Garrigue Masaryk European Democrat12. MUSSOLINI'S FASCISMFascist PracticeFascist IdeologyBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESEdmondo Rossoni Fascist LaborMargherita Sarfatti "Dictator of the Figurative Arts"13. STALIN'S COMMUNISMCommunist IdeologyCommunist PracticeBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESNikolai Ivanovich Bukharin Communist TheoreticianAlexandra Mikhaylovna Kollontai "Red Rose of the Revolution"14. THE NAZI ASSAULT ON WEIMARWeimar's Crumbling SupportAscent of the Nazi PartyThe Collapse of WeimarInstalling the DictatorshipBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESAdolf Hitler Down and Out in ViennaFranz von Papen Politico15. HITLER'S NAZISMFoundations of NazismKristallnachtNazi Theory and PracticeEveryday LifeBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESGertrud Scholtz-Klink Unrepentant!Hermann Goering Nazi Chieftain16. INTERWAR SOCIETY AND CULTURESocietyEntertainment and High CultureTechnology and SocietyPure Science: Revolution and TravailBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESEttore Majorana The Enduring MysteryLise Meitner The Role of Insight17. DIPLOMACY BETWEEN THE WARS: THE COLLAPSE OF PEACEThe Continent in the 1920sCorrecting VersaillesThe Hitler RevolutionFrom Crisis to CrisisA New WarBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESGustav Stresemann FulfillmentAristide Briand Man of Peace, "Father of Europe"18. THE GERMAN TIDE OVER EUROPEConfrontationGerman SuccessesThe Home FrontsBIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESHeinz Wilhelm Guderian Panzer GeneralMaurice Gustave Gamelin Historical Footnote19. INSIDE HITLER'S EUROPE: MILITARY OCCUPATION AND GENOCIDEShort and Long-Term AimsMilitary Occupation in the EastMilitary Occupation in the WestThe HolocaustGenocide20. HOW THE WAR WAS WONWeaponsBattlesResistanceThe FutureIdeology: Nationalism's Handmaiden?BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHESErwin Rommel The Desert FoxBernard Law Montgomery Hero of El Alamein