Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants

Other | December 1, 2007

byCasal, Joaquim, Joaquim Casal

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The book analyzes the different major accidents which can occur in process plants and during the transportation of hazardous materials. The main features of fires, explosions and toxic releases are discussed, and a set of mathematical models allowing the prediction of their effects and consequences are explained. With a practical approach, the models are applied to simple illustrative examples, as well as to more complex real cases. The use of these calculations in the frame of Quantitative Risk Analysis is also treated.

Evaluation of the effects of major accidents in industrial installations covers the following topics: general introduction, source term, fire accidents, vapour cloud explosions, BLEVEs and vessel explosions, atmospheric dispersion of toxic or flammable clouds, vulnerability, and quantitative risk analysis.

This book is a useful tool for engineering professionals, as well as an interesting reference for teaching at graduate and post-graduate levels.

Both the essential aspects and the calculations related to the diverse accidents are discussed
The prediction of effects and consequences is performed with a practical approach
Recent contributions from literature have been included
Subjects of increasing importance have been included: an extense analysis of BLEVEs, for example, or the atmospheric dispersion of pathogenic agents.

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From the Publisher

The book analyzes the different major accidents which can occur in process plants and during the transportation of hazardous materials. The main features of fires, explosions and toxic releases are discussed, and a set of mathematical models allowing the prediction of their effects and consequences are explained. With a practical appro...

Format:OtherDimensions:378 pages, 1 × 1 × 1 inPublished:December 1, 2007Publisher:Elsevier ScienceLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:008055461X

ISBN - 13:9780080554617

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Preface v
1. Introduction 1
2. Source term 19
3. Fire accidents 61
4. Vapour cloud explosions 119
5. BLEVEs and vessel explosions 147
6. Atmospheric dispersion of toxic or flammable
clouds 195
7. Vulnerability 249
8. Quantitative risk analysis 291
Nomenclature 329
References 331
Annex 1 Constants in the Antoine equation 333
Annex 2 Flammability levels, flash temperature and heat of combustion (higher value) for different substances 335
Annex 3 Acute Exposure Guideline Levels (AEGLs) 337
Annex 4 Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health concentrations (IDLH) 345
Annex 5 Determining the damage to humans from explosions using characteristic curves 347
Index 353