Evidence-Based Policy: A Practical Guide to Doing It Better

Paperback | August 22, 2012

byNancy Cartwright, Jeremy Hardie

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Over the last twenty or so years, it has become standard to require policy makers to base their recommendations on evidence. That is now uncontroversial to the point of triviality - of course, policy should be based on the facts. But are the methods that policy makers rely on to gather andanalyze evidence the right ones? In Evidence-Based Policy, Nancy Cartwright, an eminent scholar, and Jeremy Hardie, who has had a long and successful career in both business and the economy, explain that the dominant methods which are in use now - broadly speaking, methods that imitate standardpractices in medicine like randomized control trials - do not work. They fail, Cartwright and Hardie contend, because they do not enhance our ability to predict if policies will be effective.The prevailing methods fall short not just because social science, which operates within the domain of real-world politics and deals with people, differs so much from the natural science milieu of the lab. Rather, there are principled reasons why the advice for crafting and implementing policy nowon offer will lead to bad results. Current guides in use tend to rank scientific methods according to the degree of trustworthiness of the evidence they produce. That is valuable in certain respects, but such approaches offer little advice about how to think about putting such evidence to use.Evidence-Based Policy focuses on showing policymakers how to effectively use evidence. It also explains what types of information are most necessary for making reliable policy, and offers lessons on how to organize that information.

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Over the last twenty or so years, it has become standard to require policy makers to base their recommendations on evidence. That is now uncontroversial to the point of triviality - of course, policy should be based on the facts. But are the methods that policy makers rely on to gather andanalyze evidence the right ones? In Evidence-Ba...

Nancy Cartwright is Professor of Philosophy at UC-San Diego and London School of Economics. Jeremy Hardie is an Honorary Fellow of Keble College, Oxford and a Fellow of King's College London. He is also Vice President of the Royal Economic Society, and was Chairman of the WH Smith Group from 1992 to 2010.

other books by Nancy Cartwright

Hunting Causes and Using Them
Hunting Causes and Using Them

Kobo ebook|Mar 1 2007

$32.39 online$41.99list price(save 22%)
see all books by Nancy Cartwright
Format:PaperbackDimensions:224 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:August 22, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199841624

ISBN - 13:9780199841622

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentsPreface: Do You Want to Read this Book? Putting our Conclusions FirstPart I: Getting Started: From `It Worked There' to `It Will Work Here'1. A: What's in This Book and WhyB: The Theory that Backs up What We SayPart II: Paving the Road from 'There' to 'Here'2. A: Support Factors: Causal Cakes and their IngredientsB: Causal Roles: Shared and UnsharedPart III: Strategies for Finding What You Need to Know3. A: Where We are and Where We are GoingB: Four StrategiesPart IV: RCTs, Evidence-Ranking Schemes, and Fidelity4. A: Where We are and Where We are GoingB: What are RCTs Good For?C: Evidence-Ranking Schemes, Advice Guides, and Choosing Effective PoliciesD: FidelityPart V: Deliberation is not Second Best5. A: Where We are and Where We are GoingB: Centralization and DiscretionPart VI: ConclusionAppendix I: Representing Causal ProcessesAppendix II: The Munro ReviewAppendix III: CCTV and Car TheftNotesReferencesIndex