Evidence-Based Policy-Making in Canada

Hardcover | December 16, 2013

byShaun P. Young

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Making policy is what governments do, but there are some fascinating and hotly debated issues associated with how government decisions get made in the interests of the people. The concept and practice of evidence-based policy-making insists that properly developed public policy draws on thebest available evidence. This book considers how governments in Canada have historically interacted with research and what directions these interactions may take in the future. The goal of government making decisions based on information collected in a scientific (or at least methodical and unbiased) manner goes back to the eighteenth-century Enlightenment. Given recent advances in the accumulation of such evidence, however, creating evidence-based policy has become anincreasingly complex process. The ongoing generation of new knowledge continues to increase both the number and variety of potential policy issues and challenges. This process is often juxtaposed with "opinion-based" policy-making - a selective use of evidence or a reflection of the untested viewsof individuals or groups. In fact, the role of evidence in policy-making takes us to the very heart of the democratic process. Many victims of crime want longer prison sentences for criminals, but research shows that this is expensive and largely ineffective. To what extent should opinion be allowedto undermine the primacy of evidence? And other issues, such as the existing cultural and institutional challenges to evidence-based policy-making, are also considered across a range of disciplines. This collection considers these issues in the Canadian context, from the path knowledge travels via policy advisory systems and research-brokering organizations like the Fraser Institute, the CD Howe Institute, and the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, to specific areas of policy includingeducation, crime, tax, poverty, and environment. Contributors, leading scholars in their fields (a number of whom are also former senior civil servants), explore the evolution and practice of evidence-based policy-making in Canada and look forward to ways in which government decision-making could beimproved.

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Making policy is what governments do, but there are some fascinating and hotly debated issues associated with how government decisions get made in the interests of the people. The concept and practice of evidence-based policy-making insists that properly developed public policy draws on thebest available evidence. This book considers h...

Shaun P. Young is the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Manager for the Faculty of Arts and Science, University of Toronto. He is also a Senior Fellow of the York Centre for Public Policy and Law, and an External Associate of the York Centre for Practical Ethics, both at York University. He previously worked as a senior policy a...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:240 pages, 9 × 6 × 1 inPublished:December 16, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199003033

ISBN - 13:9780199003037

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Table of Contents

Shaun P. Young: Introduction: Evidence-Based Policymaking: The Canadian Experience1. Michael Howlett and Jonathan Craft: Policy Advisory Systems and Evidence-Based Policy: The Location and Content of Evidentiary Policy Advice2. Ben Levin: The Relationship between Knowledge Mobilization and Research Use3. Amanda Cooper: Research Brokering Organizations in Education across Canada: A Response to Evidence-Based Policy-Making and Practice Initiatives4. Susan Prentice and Linda White: When the Evidence Doesn't Matter: Evidence-Based Policymaking and Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada5. Irvin Waller: Implementing Evidence-Based Policy to Deal with Crime in Canada6. Rachel Laforest: Fighting Poverty Provincial Style7. Lisa Philipps: Bringing Evidence to Tax Expenditure Design: Lessons from Canada's Innovation Policy Review 2006-128. Mark Winfield: The Environment, "Responsible Resource Development," and Evidence-Based Policymaking in CanadaContributorsIndex