Evolution and Impact of Transposable Elements by Pierre CapyEvolution and Impact of Transposable Elements by Pierre Capy

Evolution and Impact of Transposable Elements

byPierre Capy

Paperback | October 12, 2012

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The existence of transposable elements was implied by Barbara McClintock in the 1940s, based on genetic experiments, and verified in the 1970s by molecular biology. Today, hundreds of elements have been detected in all living organisms and are believed to represent more than 15% of every organism's genome. Major questions remain to be answered concerning how transposable elements have evolved within the context of interacting host genomes. These questions are of great interest because transposable elements may have had a significant impact on the evolution of host genome structure and the ability of populations and species to successfully adapt to their environments. In this book, complementary aspects of the evolution impact of transposable elements are discussed in papers presented by participants of the ESF workshop entitled `Evolution and Role of Transposable Elements' which was held at CNRS in Gif-sur-Yvette, France in September 1996. The presentations cover four major topics of active investigation: the structure and evolution of transposable elements, transposable elements and heterochromatin, dynamics and regulation of transposable elements, and transposable elements and host phylogenies.
Title:Evolution and Impact of Transposable ElementsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:309 pagesPublished:October 12, 2012Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401060541

ISBN - 13:9789401060547

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Table of Contents

I: Structure of Transposable Element. LTR retrotransposons and the evolution of eukaryotic enhancers; J.F. McDonald, et al. What makes Grande 1 retrotransposon different? J.-A. Martinez-Izquerdo, et al. About the origin of retroviruses and the co-evolution of the gypsy retrovirus with the Drosophila flamenco hose gene; A. Pélisson, et al. Structural analysis of Drosophila subobscura gypsy elements (gypsyDs); T.M. Alberola, et al. Evolution of R1 and R2 in the rDNA units of the genus Drosophila; T.H. Eickbush, et al. Do the integrases of LTR-retrotransposons and class II element transposases have a common ancestor? P. Capy, et al. II: Transposable Elements and Heterochromatin. Evolutionary links between telomeres and transposable elements; M.L. Pardue, et al. Constitutive heterochromatin and transposable elements in Drosophila melanogaster; P. Dimitri. P element regulation and X-chromosome subtelomeric heterochromatin in Drosophila melanogaster; S. Ronsseray, et al. III: Transposable Elements and Host Phylogenies. Quasispecies in retrotransposons: a role for sequence variability in Tnt1 evolution; J.M. Casacuberta, et al. Genetic and molecular investigations on the endogenous mobile elements of non-drosophilid fruitflies; C. Torti, et al. Genomic distribution of the retrovirus-like element ZAM in Drosophila; E. Bladrich, et al. CM-gag, a transposable-like element reiterated in the genome of Culex pipiens mosquitoes contains only a gag gene; N. Benssadi-Merchermek, et al. IV: Dynamics and Regulation of Transposable Elements. A. Transposable Elements in Natural Populations and Laboratory Strains. Evidence for a role of the host in regulating the activity of transposable elements in Drosophila melanogaster: the case of the persistent instability of Bari1 elements in Charolles stock; C. Di Franco, et al. Plant S1 SINEs as model to study retroposition; N. Gilbert, et al. Maintenance of transposable element copy number in natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans; C. Biémont, et al. Accumulation of transposable elements in laboratory lines of Drosophila melanogaster; S.V. Nuzhdin, et al. B. Relationships Between TEs and Host Genomes. Regulation of the transposable element mariner; D.L. Hartl, et al. The evolution of Ty1-copia group retrotransposons in eukaryote genomes; A.J. Flavell, et al. The chromosomal distribution of retrotransposons-like elements in higher plants and its implications for genome evolution; J.S.(P.) Heslop-Harrison, et al. The Ty1-copia retrotransposons in plants: genomic organisation, evolution and use as molecular markers; A. Kumar, et al. BARE-1 insertion site preferences and evolutionary conservation of RNA and cDNA processing sites; A. Suoniemi, et al. Bare-ID, a representative of a family of Bare-like elements of barley genome; A.B. Shcherban, A.V. Vershinin. The expression of the tobacco Tnt1 retrotransposon is linked to the plant defense response; M.A. Grandbastien, et al. Fungal transposable elements and genome evolution; M.J. Daboussi. Molecular domestication of mobile elements; W.J. Miller, et al. Genomic signatures: tracing the origin of retroelements at the nucleotide level; C. Terzian, et al. C. Models of Transposable Elements Dynamics. Population genetic models of transposable elements; J.F.Y. Brookfield, R.M. Badge. A simulation of the P element horizontal transfer in Drosophila; H. Quesneville, D. Anxolabéhère.