Evolution of Human Behavior

Paperback | December 19, 2008

byAgustin Fuentes

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Designed for upper level anthropology courses in the evolution of human behavior (often cross-listed in psychology), this book presents an overview of the current discourse on how and why humans became human behaviorally. This is the first book to provide an anthropological perspective andfocused synthetic review of the major hypotheses for human behavioral evolution, including human behavioral ecology, evolutionary psychology, memetics, and gene-culture co-evolution. Nowhere in print (in either book or article form) are the various hypotheses for human behavior, from acrossparadigms, assembled and compared. Along the way, Fuentes looks at basic assumptions about why humans behave as they do, the facts of human evolution, patterns of evolutionary change in a global environmental-temporal context, and the interconnected roles of conflict and cooperation in the human history of predation, manipulation,foraging, and raising young.

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Designed for upper level anthropology courses in the evolution of human behavior (often cross-listed in psychology), this book presents an overview of the current discourse on how and why humans became human behaviorally. This is the first book to provide an anthropological perspective andfocused synthetic review of the major hypothese...

Agustin Fuentes is at the University of Notre Dame.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:228 pages, 6.1 × 9.09 × 0.79 inPublished:December 19, 2008Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195333586

ISBN - 13:9780195333589

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Table of Contents

Preface1. The relevance of understanding human behavioral evolutionTheories and hypotheses about behavioral evolution: why are they relevant?Evolution is frequently misunderstood and often is thought to preclude a cultural componentWe need to understand who we arePractical issues such as medicine and public health can benefit from an understanding of behavioral evolutionMisunderstanding human behavioral evolution can result in potentially dangerous ideasA simple example of behavioral evolution2. Why we behave like humans: historical perspectives and basal assumptionsCharles Darwin and the Descent of ManAlfred Russel Wallace and the evolution of the mindBetween Darwin and SociobiologySpencer, Baldwin, and Morgan: biology, psychology and the behavioral evolution of the human mindThe Modern SynthesisWashburn's' New Physical Anthropology, and the emergence of an evolutionary anthropology of behaviorTinbergen's 4 questions and their impact on the understanding of behaviorThe revolution of Sociobiology, kin selection, and elfish genes: The New SynthesisHamilton and kin selectionRobert Trivers and reciprocal altruismEO Wilson, evolutionary sociobiology and the autocatalysis modelDawkins and the selfish geneSuggested readings3. Modern perspectives for understanding human behavioral evolution: A review of basic assumptions, structures, and practiceHuman Behavioral Ecology (HBE)Basic overview of Human Behavioral EcologyHBE exampleEvolutionary Psychology (EP)The adapted mindGoals and methods: Contrast with SSSM specific approachEP ExampleGene-Culture co-evolution (aka Dual Inheritance theory-DIT)DIT Example: MemeticsMemetics ExampleSumming upSuggested readings4. Basic bones and stones: What do we know about the record of human evolution? (as of 2008)Comparative primatology establishes a baseline for human behaviorVery Brief summary of human fossil record (~5mya-present)The Early AustralopithecinesThe Pleistocene HomininsThe Genus HomoVery Brief summary of the cultural record and behavioral inferences(~2.6mya-present)Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene forms: Pleistocene hominins-lateSuggested readings5. Why we behave like humans: a survey of hypotheses and proposalsWhy select these hypotheses?Summaries of specific hypotheses/proposalsSuggested readings6. Discussing the hypothesesThe comparison tablesA brief discussion shared components and differences in the 6 basic categoriesCooperationConflictFoodEnvironmental and Ecological PressuresSex and ReproductionSpecific Behavioral FactorsOf trends and patternsSuggested readings7. 21st century evolutionary theory/biology and thinking about the evolution of human behaviorAdding to our toolkit: Using four dimensions of evolutionRevisiting Tinbergen's ontogenetic "why"Four other approaches in evolutionary biology/theoryPhenotypic Plasticity and ecological impact/context: moving beyond norms of reactionDevelopmental Systems TheoryNiche ConstructionBiocultural approaches to studying modern humansCan adding these perspectives to existing practice (as outlined in chapter 3) impact the way we formulate and test hypotheses/conceptualizations of human behavioral evolution?What practices and perspectives should be removed or deemphasized?What practices and/or perspectives cross all of these categories?What perspectives should be expanded?Suggested Readings8. A synthesis and prospectus for examining human behavioral evolutionA set of modest proposals emerging from chapters 1-7: Seeking the broad and the minute fociLooking at the areas of overlap and interest from Chapter 6:Cooperation commonalitiesCooperation factors that deserve further examinationConflict commonalities: Conflict factors that deserve further examinationDiet/Food commonalitiesDiet/food factors that deserve further examinationEcology/Environment commonalitiesEcology/Environment factors that deserve further examinationSex/Reproduction commonalities: Sex/Reproduction factors that deserve further examinationSpecific Behavior commonalitiesSpecific behavior factors that deserve further examinationA modest proposal for a general framework of our evolutionary history9. Problem of being a modern human and looking at our evolutionBenefits and flaws in this prospectusMerging approaches and perspectivesHow do we test this and why are testable hypotheses important?The difficulties we encounter when reconstructing our evolutionary path and its underlying causes/patternsBasic educational and paradigmatic biases and the problems these bringHuman niche construction mattersEveryday life, gender, and cultural anthropology matterEpilogue: Anthropology, science, and peopleAppendix A: Related Titles for Further ReferenceGlossaryBibliographyIndex