Evolution on Islands

Paperback | November 1, 1997

EditorPeter R. Grant

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The study of patterns and processes of evolution on islands has played an important role in the development of general theories of how and why evolution occurs. Small, discrete pieces of the environment, islands are frequently isolated from the continental processes of gene flow. They areoften inhabited by unique species, like the Komodo dragon, dodos, or daisies as tall as trees. They may display remarkable rapidity of diversifying evolution - nearly 1000 species of fruit-fly were formed in the Hawaiian archipelago in only a few million years. Thus, it is easy to see why islandshave been referred to as 'natural experiments'. Such studies are continuing to yield exciting new fields for investigation as theoreticians attack questions of genetic change in island models and empirical biologists seek explanations of adaptive radiations in archipelagos. This unique book surveysour current knowledge and understanding of island evolution in eighteen chapters written by experts on various aspects of microevolution, speciation, and adaptive radiation. They cover the major trends and processes displayed by plants and animals, on tropical and temperate zone islands, and inlakes and tropical forest refugia. The book closes with a discussion of several unresolved issues that deserve further study. No other book has been published that focuses solely on the evolutionary processes that occur in islands. This will be of interest to all students and researchers in thefields of ecology and evolutionary biology.

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The study of patterns and processes of evolution on islands has played an important role in the development of general theories of how and why evolution occurs. Small, discrete pieces of the environment, islands are frequently isolated from the continental processes of gene flow. They areoften inhabited by unique species, like the Komo...

Peter Grant is at Princeton University.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:348 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.75 inPublished:November 1, 1997Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198501714

ISBN - 13:9780198501718

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Table of Contents

1. Grant: Patterns on islands and microevolution2. Barrett: The reproductive biology and genetics of island plants3. Berry: Evolution of small mammals4. Pemberton et al: The maintenance of genetic polymorphism in small island populations: large mammals in the Hebrides5. Thorpe, Malhotra: Molecular and morphological evolution within small islands6. Grant: Speciation7. Barton: Natural selection and random genetic drift as causes of evolution on islands8. Hollocher: Island hopping in Drosophila: genetic patterns and speciation mechanisms9. Grant, Grant: Speciation and hybridization of birds on islands10. Schluter: Ecological speciation in postglacial fishes11. Clarke et al: How `molecular leakage' can mislead us about island speciation12. Grant: Radiations, communities and biogeography13. Losos: Ecological and evolutionary determinants of the species-area relation in Caribbean anoline lizards14. Ruber et al: Lake level fluctuations and speciation in rock dwelling cichlid fish in Lake Tanganyika, East Africa15. Prance: Islands in Amazonia16. Mallet, Turner: Biotic drift or the shifting balance - did forest islands drive the diversity of warningly coloured butterflies?17. Givnish: Adaptive plant evolution on islands : classical patterns, molecular data, new insights18. Grant: Epilogue and questions

Editorial Reviews

The contributed chapters are almost all excellent, and the book is well worth reading, particularly for those interested in speciation.J Coyne, Evolution, 52(6) P1877, 1998