Paperback | January 8, 2004

byMark Ridley

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Evolution is unlike any other theory in science in the generality of its interest and the excellence of the authors who write about it. This anthology contains extracts from over 60 scientific papers, by authors such as Stephen Jay Gould, Richard Dawkins, Francis Crick and Jacques Monod. Itstarts with Charles Darwin, but concentrates on modern research, including genomics - evolution's latest gusher of scientic insights. The extracts are organized in sections, enabling the reader to sample a range of views on each topic, such as how new species arise, or the significance of adaptivedesign in living things. The extracts have been chosen for their readability as well as their scientific importance, making this book an enjoyable way to meet some of the greatest minds of our time, writing on the greatest idea of all time.

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Evolution is unlike any other theory in science in the generality of its interest and the excellence of the authors who write about it. This anthology contains extracts from over 60 scientific papers, by authors such as Stephen Jay Gould, Richard Dawkins, Francis Crick and Jacques Monod. Itstarts with Charles Darwin, but concentrates o...

Mark Ridley works in the Department of Zoology, Oxford University. He has previously held positions at Cambridge University, England, and at Emory University, Atlanta, in the U.S.A.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:466 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.94 inPublished:January 8, 2004Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199267944

ISBN - 13:9780199267941

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Table of Contents

IntroductionA. From Darwin to the Modern SynthesisSection Introduction1. Darwin, C. (1858) Extract from an unpublished work on species2. Darwin, C. (1858) Abstract of a letter from C. Darwin, Esq., to Prof. Asa Gray, Boston, U.S.A.3. Maynard Smith, J. (1987) Weismann and modern biology4. Fisher, R. A. (1930) The nature of inheritance5. Wright, S. (1932) The roles of mutation, inbreeding, crossbreeding, and selection in evolution6. Haldane, J. B. S. (1949) Disease and evolutionB. Natural selection and random drift in populationsSection Introduction7. Kettlewell, H. B. D. (1958) A resume of investigations of the evolution of melanism in the Lepidoptera8. Cook, L. M.; Dennis, R. L. H.; and G. S. Mani (1999). Melanic morph frequency in the peppered moth in the Manchester area9. Karn, M. N. and Penrose, L. S. (1951) Birth weight and gestation time in relation to infant survival10. Ulizzi, L. and Terrenato, L. (1992) Natural selection associated with birth weight. VI. Towards the end of the stabilizing component11. Gibbs, H. L and Grant, P. R. (1987) Oscillating selection on Darwin's finches12. Lewontin, R. C. The paradox of variation13. Kimura, M. Recent developments of the neutral theoryC. AdaptationSection introduction14. Fisher, R. A. (1930). The nature of adaptation15. Williams, G. C. (1966). Adaptation and natural selection16. Grafen, A. (1986). Adaptation versus selection in progress17. Reeve, H. K. and Sherman, P. W. (1991). An operational, nonhistorical definition of adaptation18. Orr, H. A. and Coyne, J. The genetics of adaptation: a reassessment19. Cain, A. J. (1964). The perfection of animals20. Gould, S. J. and Lewontin, R. C. (1979). The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian paradigm: a critique of the adaptationist programmeD. Speciation and biodiversitySection introduction22. Mayr, E. Typological v population thinking23. Mayr, E. Species concepts and their application24. Darwin, C. (1859) The sterility of hybrids25. Dobzhansky, T. (1970). Reproductive isolation as a product of genetic divergence and natural selection26. Rice, W. R. and Hostert, E. E. Laboratory experiments on speciation: what have we learned in 40 years?27. Coyne, J. H. and Orr, H. A. (2000). The evolutionary genetics of speciation28. Schluter, D. (2000) Ecological basis of postmating isolation29. Grant, V. Hybrid speciationE. MacroevolutionSection introduction30. Erwin, D. H. and Anstey, R. L. (1995) Speciation in the fossil record31. De Beer, G. R. (1971). Homology: an unsolved problem32. Dawkins, R. (1996). The ey gene33. Dickinson, W. J. (1995) Molecules and morphology: where's the homology?34. Haeckel, E. (1905) The fundamental law of organic evolution35. Garstang, W. (1951) Three poemsF. Evolutionary genomicsSection introduction36. Ochman, H.; Lawrence, J. G.; and Groisman, E. A. (2000). Lateral gene transfer and the nature of bacterial innovation37. Vision, T. J.; Brown, D. G.; and Tanksley, S. D. (2000). The origins of genomic duplications in Arabidopsis38. Humans, M. Ridley39. Raff, R. A. (1996). Co-option of eye structures and genes40. Benner, S. A.; Caraco, M. D.; Thomson, J. M.; and Gaucher, E. A. (2002). Planetary biology - paleontological, geological, and molecular histories of lifeG. The history of lifeSection introduction41. 42. Schopf, J. W. (1994). Disparate rates, differing fates: tempo and mode of evolution changed from the Precambrian to the Phanerozoic43. Cooper, A. and Fortey, R. (1998). Evolutionary explosions and the phylogenetic fuse44. Dilcher, D. (2000). Major evolutionary trends in the angiosperm fossil recordH. Case studiesSection introduction45. Medawar, P. B. (1951) An unsolved problem in biology46. Crick , F. H. C. (1968). The origin of the genetic code47. Maynard Smith, J. (1971) The origin and maintenance of sex48. Janzen, D. H. (1983) A caricature of seed dispersal by animal guts49. Nilsson, D-E. and Pelger, S. (1994). A pessimistic estimate of the time required for an eye to evolve50. Sniegowski, P. D.; Gerrish, P. J.; Johnson, T.. and Shaver, A. (2000). The evolution of mutation ratesJ. Human evolution.Section introduction51. Sarich, V. and Wilson, A. C. (1967) Immunological time scale for hominid evolution52. King, M-C. and Wilson, A. C. (1975). Evolution at two levels in humans and chimpanzees53. Britton, R. J. (2002). Divergence between samples of chimpanzee and human DNA sequences is 5%, counting indels54. Muller, H. J. (1950). Our load of mutations55. Livingstone. F. B. (1962). On the non-existence of human races56. Krogman, W. M. (1951). The scars of human evolution57. Pinker, S. (1994). The big bangK. Evolution and human affairsSection introduction58. Antolin, M. F. and Herbers, J. M. (2001). Evolution's struggle for existence in America's public schools59. Dobzhansky, T. (1973). Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution60. Hume, D. The argument from design61. Monod, J. (1974). On the molecular theory of evolution62. Huxley, T. H. (1893). Evolution and ethics63. Palumbi, S. (2001) Humans as the world's greatest evolutionary forceBiographical notesSelect bibliographyAcknowledgementsIndex