Exodus: A Memoir by Deborah FeldmanExodus: A Memoir by Deborah Feldman

Exodus: A Memoir

byDeborah Feldman

Paperback | February 24, 2015

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The author of the explosive New York Times-bestselling memoir Unorthodox chronicles her continuing journey as a single mother, an independent woman, and a religious refugee.
In 2009, at the age of twenty-three, Deborah Feldman walked away from the rampant oppression, abuse, and isolation of her Satmar upbringing in Williamsburg, Brooklyn to forge a better life for herself and her young son.  Since leaving, Feldman has navigated remarkable experiences: raising her son in the “real” world, finding solace and solitude in a writing career, and searching for love. Culminating in an unforgettable trip across Europe to retrace her grandmother’s life during the Holocaust, Exodus is a deeply moving exploration of the mysterious bonds that tie us to family and religion, the bonds we must sometimes break to find our true selves.
Deborah Feldman was raised in the Satmar Hasidic community in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. She now lives with her son in New England.
Title:Exodus: A MemoirFormat:PaperbackDimensions:304 pages, 7.97 × 5.28 × 0.61 inPublished:February 24, 2015Publisher:Penguin Publishing GroupLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0142181854

ISBN - 13:9780142181850


Read from the Book

***This excerpt is from an advance uncorrected proof.***Copyright © 2014 by Deborah FeldmanI?????forgiveness  There she is, just across the street, sulking on the stoop. Seven years old, skin pale almost to the point of translucence, lips pursed into a sullen pout. She stares gloomily at the silver Mary Janes on her feet, the tips of which catch the last rays of sunlight quickly fading behind the three-story brownstone.She has been scrubbed and primped in preparation for Passover, soon to arrive. Her hair hurts where it’s been pulled too tight into a bun at the top of her head. She feels each strand stretching from its inflamed follicle, especially at the nape of her neck, where an early-spring breeze raises goose bumps on the exposed skin. Her hands are folded into the lap of her brand-new purple dress, with peonies and violets splashed wildly on the fabric, smocking at the chest, and a sash tied around the waist. There are new white tights stretched over her thin legs.This little side street in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, usually bustling with black-clad men carrying prayer books, is momentarily silent and empty, its residents indoors making preparations for the evening. The little girl has managed to sneak away in the rush, to sit alone across from the young pear tree the neighbors planted a few years ago after carving out a square of beige dirt in the stretch of lifeless asphalt. Now it f lowers gently, bulbous white blossoms dangling precariously from its boughs.I cross the street toward her. No cars come. The silence is magnificent, enormous. She doesn’t seem to notice me approaching, nor does she look up when I sit down next to her on the stoop. I look at her face and know instantly, with the pain of a punch to the gut, exactly how long it’s been since there was a smile on it.I put my arm around her shoulder, ever so gently, as if she might break from the weight, and I whisper into her ear, “Everything is going to be fine.”She turns and looks at me for the first time, her face a mask of distrust.“It’s going to be just fine. I promise.”Snap. The hypnotherapist wakes me by clicking her fingers together in a classic stage move.“You did good,” she says. “Go home and try to have sex tonight. Let me know what happens. I have a feeling we’ve fixed the problem. Not completely, but enough for now.”I get out of the chair, feeling dizzy and disoriented. The little girl in the purple dress recedes rapidly from my memory, even as I grasp for her in my wakeful state. What did we talk about? I can’t remember. Did she tell us anything? Does the doctor know something about my past now, something that I don’t?Never mind. The important thing is, did it really work?It’s been a year since my husband and I crossed the threshold into our new home and our new life, only to discover that our most important purpose as a couple could not be fulfilled: procreation. Repeated attempts and numerous medical opinions have only served to confuse us further; it’s as if a wall has been erected inside me. Could this be the miracle cure I’ve been waiting for? Will I really be able to go home tonight and finally consummate my marriage?------I often wonder why I went back to that day, when the hypnotherapist instructed me to find some version of my childhood self to reassure. It’s always the child lurking within us that rebels, that sulks, that angrily demands our attention. On that day, however, I was quiet and internal. Everyone around me was caught up in their work, and I was allowed to move about, feeling temporarily forgotten. It was not a moment of great injury.But someone had photographed me earlier. I remember posing in the garden, being coaxed and prodded into a portrait of pleasantness. I saw the photo some years later, and in it I was cringing as if afraid. My brow was furrowed and my shoulders were raised in a guarded posture. It seemed as if there was a person on the other side of the camera making a threat.The hypnotherapist had asked me to go back as far as I could, and that’s where I went, to the moment the f lash went off and I was temporarily blinded, unable to see the person behind the camera, unable to recall that person later. But I could not approach her there, in the garden, while she was being watched, so I waited for that quiet, private moment that I knew would follow, so that I could pass on the information as instructed.The exercise was supposed to heal the wound that had been inflicted so long ago, the one that had eaten so deep into my subconscious that it had managed to seep into my muscles themselves, sealing them shut. Which particular injury had caused the damage I did not know, but the therapist had assured me that all I needed to do was find my wounded self and console her, and the rest would take care of itself.All these years later, even though I’ve left my marriage and my community and am raising my own child far away from Brooklyn, I still go back to that little girl. I have so much more to share with her now.I ask her, “Did you ever think this is where we’d be?”------I’d always dreamed of living by the water. I had glimpsed the ocean only a few times during my urban, closeted childhood in the Satmar community in Williamsburg. My days were spent on asphalt, which would swell in the heat of summer and give off an acrid odor. Trucks would rattle over potholes patched with metal plates, their exhaust poisoning the air. The serenity of the ocean seemed remote, when in fact the sea split into brooding gray serpents that snaked around us from all sides.I often painted elaborate fairy-tale endings for myself in my mind, inserting myself into grand, ramshackle beach houses, secluded island retreats, houses on stilts with rivers f lowing beneath them. Not once during my daydreams did I place my future self in the tenement apartment I was most likely to end up in. The memory of those delightful visions returned to me in the summer of 2012, as I searched for the first place that would truly be my home and suddenly realized that those dreams weren’t so unrealistic anymore.Yet proximity to water wasn’t on the short list of requirements I presented to my broker, who specialized in the unique corner of rural New England I was scouting, an area where three states converged, yet which seemed to boast very little of each of them in terms of identity. The area was partly occupied by urbanites who kept a place in the country and embraced by the parents who had moved there for the private schools. After a tumultuous three-year period in Manhattan, during which I had struggled to get my divorce and establish a custody agreement, this seemed like a place to do that which needed doing, the raising of a child, the healing of one’s wounds.The broker, John, picked me up in his old converted Rover; the windows and roof had been removed, and only the supports, wrapped in padded leather fabric, remained. I climbed up into the passenger seat and gripped the roof frame while we jostled along country roads. A field of sunflowers appeared on the right as we drove up a steep hill, only to gaze down an even greater drop on the other side, clear to a river and the verdant mountains beyond. We turned a corner and passed a meadow upon which strange-looking cows were grazing. They had shaggy straight hair, which spilled over their eyes in tufts, and looked almost like sheep in need of a shearing.“Those are Scottish Highlanders,” John informed me. “They’re the hardiest of all cows; they can plow any field. No territory is too harsh for them. Great for beginners,” he joked. “You should try raising some up here.”This then, was the place for me, I thought, a place where the hardiest of species could thrive on the rockiest of foundations, a place for beginners.I looked at a few houses; each had some f law or another. Then we drove down a dead-end street near town, to the very last driveway, which swung up and around a grove of evergreens, and there it was: a modestly sized contemporary house on a hill overlooking a large lake. It was one of those moments in life when you just know. I went through the motions; the broker insisted it wasn’t a sure thing, but I knew it was.The most powerful thing about living on the water, I would soon learn, is that one is forced into a perpetual relationship with a mirror—a reflective surface in some way quite literal and in many other ways deeply spiritual. Contemplating water somehow has the effect of forcing one to contemplate oneself. A good thing, if one’s self needs fixing.We moved in over the summer. It was a glorious time. Isaac, then six years old, swam in the lake every day. We lay on the dock and peered over the edge to see the sunfish and perch sheltering beneath. He collected snail shells, he tried to skip rocks but rarely succeeded, he spied on rabbits making short work of leafy plants. Every evening the sun would set in magnificent colors over the water, the lake would seem stiller somehow, and the world would get very quiet. I watched, pretzel-legged on the grass, as the last of the pink glow faded, and the crickets assumed their nightly routine. The madness of Manhattan seemed very far away.This sense of quiet in my life was very new and, as yet, out of character. My friend Heather used to remark, back when we attended Sarah Lawrence together, that I drove like a bat out of hell. It wasn’t that my aggressive maneuvering around New York traffic bothered her; it was just her way of describing, rather endearingly, my general approach to life after a reckless escape from an arranged marriage in a sheltered community. I was constantly shooting off in every direction, arriving at every destination as if I had a trail of cartoon dust clouds behind me.I thought a lot about that expression, “bat out of hell,” in the early days after making the big move to the country. Growing up we had a similar saying in Yiddish that essentially translates to “a cow out of the stall.” It was used to describe a Hasidic Jew who had left the community, likening the person’s behavior to that of a cow suddenly let loose after a lifetime of imprisonment. It was believed that such cows were most likely to charge madcap down a hill to their deaths. Hasidic rebels reportedly indulged in wild, drug-abusing lifestyles that inevitably ended in ruin, similar to the cow’s doomed trajectory. Freedom posed an especial danger, the adage emphasized, to those who had never previously experienced it.This saying, scornfully evoked when the conversation turned to the subject of the few known rebels in our society, irritated me greatly as a child. Didn’t the phrase do more to point out the failings of life in a stall than the dangers of freedom? Wasn’t it clear that the cow would have been better off grazing freely in the first place?Never mind. If I were a cow out of a stall, then I would be a Scottish Highlander, capable of making it even in the most dangerous terrain, I told myself. There would be no fatal fall for me, no catapulting off a cliff.I will admit that people like me do go a little overboard immediately after leaving. We do it for many reasons. For one, we don’t know any better. It’s like we never learned how to move around at all, having been stuck in one place for so long that we can’t get our sea legs. We can’t quite master a steady gait. Another reason: You know after World War II, when the concentration camps were liberated, how some people gorged on food and died from shock? Deprivation can make you crazy, desperate. I walked around with that post-deprivation feeling for a long time, gorging inappropriately on every experience with the underlying fear that it would be snatched from me before I could get my fill. But the truth is, even without those reasons, we still run from our stalls as fast as we can, just because we can. Because the feeling of being free is so incredible, so intoxicating, we don’t want to meander our way through it. We want to race down that mountain, wind whipping past our ears, whooping loudly in triumph.Leaving, to me, felt like climbing a tremendous hill, one of those steep inclines that becomes almost treacherous in that the more momentum you build while racing down it, the more difficult it becomes to stop safely. If you’ve ever biked up a hill only to zip freakishly fast down the other side of it, which I did for the first time the summer my son and I moved to the country, you’ll understand what I mean. The wonderful thing about it is the natural leveling of the ground that occurs at the bottom. And eventually, we all do hit bottom, and not in the way of the cliché, which I’ve always disliked. (The bottom is a good thing. Who decided otherwise?)When you hit bottom, and your bicycle tires spin more slowly, or your awkward, close-together steps become longer and looser, you’ve hit your stride. You’ve found your gait. And everything is A-OK. You get a silly smile on your face at the memory of how you felt f lying down the hill, and you think, man, I am awesome for doing that.------Let me be clear: my life, right now, is amazing. I have everything I ever dreamed of, and I never forget just how lucky I am to have achieved it. But my feelings have been failing to catch on to the changes in my life; in some ways my brain is still stuck in the past. When I finally went to a psychiatrist to receive a formal diagnosis on the list of mental illnesses I was so sure I suffered from, the verdict of post-traumatic stress disorder seemed almost anticlimactic.It might not even be that, the psychiatrist said, recommending talk therapy and nothing else. It could just be an adjustment disorder. Those things go away in six months, he said.And yet, I was having bad dreams every night, waking up each morning enveloped by feelings of dread, and I panicked secretly when in groups or crowds. None of this was consistent with the calm and fulfilling existence I had begun living.How to describe this feeling? A form of displacement, like being unable to see yourself in a photograph of a scene you remember being part of, or looking at the spot on the map where you know you live but being unable to find the street. Somehow you’ve been erased, as if it were all a dream. I had begun, since leaving, to see life as an enormous grid, a cross-section of human connections. Every man and woman appeared as a plotted point on an intricate map, lines drawn between them and close family members, longer lines waiting to rush through open tunnels on the grid to anchor friends, neighbors, lovers, even acquaintances. Wherever I looked, I saw the invisible threads that connected people; every person seemed to have their grid firmly and inextricably in place. And I thought of that saying “No man is an island” and wondered how long I’d survive without a grid of my own, and if it was even possible to rebuild one from scratch.Maybe my residual angst is actually predicated on a real experience, not just leftover trauma. Is it the experience of being dislodged from the grid? Funny, since I can’t ever remember having been securely fixed on it, and I have a niggling fear that my birth was a mistake, like a computer glitch that left me permanently disconnected, smack in the middle of a no-man’s-land between points, with no ability to form real and lasting connections. The system that everyone else uses seems closed off to me.I suspect I’m not the average loner. For my entire life I have occupied an enclosed mental space that no one has managed to penetrate. I have grown “close” to people in the sense that we have been in each other’s proximity, but never close enough for those walls to come down. Ask people who know me and they will confirm that in a whole manner of ways. Is it just a coincidence, I wonder, that many of my most beloved friends live in different states, or that the meaningful romances in my life have been long-distance relationships?Perhaps I’ve chosen loneliness because it is my language. I don’t want it to be, but it’s the only condition that feels familiar to me, and somehow safe. Of course I’d like to earn my rightful place on that grid, no matter how poorly plotted my location, because this feeling of placement that I’m searching for—well, that’s a basic human right. So I’m going to try to figure out how to fight my way in, even though I’ve been thoroughly trained to fear being a fully realized part of the outside world with every fiber of my being. I don’t yet know where I’ll end up—in fact I’m starting to realize that the process may be more complex and time-consuming than I’d suspected—but if there’s something I’m sure of, it’s that the process itself is worth it. Sometimes it’s only through pain that we feel alive; better to have that than no sensation at all.

Bookclub Guide

1. Discuss the epigraph by Anna Margolin that begins Exodus. How does it set the tone for the book? 2. The opening scene of Exodus shows Feldman in a hypnotherapy session, visualizing episodes of childhood trauma in an attempt to understand her sexual dysfunction. How does Feldman’s pursuit of sexual health and satisfaction echo throughout the book? How does this search shape her identity and self-image? 3. On page 19, Feldman states that the Satmar Hasidic community in which she grew up was a “culture of violence, not necessarily because members fetishize it, but because of the group’s only inheritance is the violence of European and anti-Semitism that culminated in the Second World War.” How does the shared cultural memory of the Holocaust affect Feldman as she attempts to shape her life outside of the Satmar community?4. On page 37, Feldman discusses her choice to move from New York City to “the middle of nowhere.” Discuss the concept of “home” as articulated throughout the book. Where does Feldman feel most comfortable? What aspects of that environment allow Feldman to take root?5. In the section “Mercy,” Feldman reveals that her mother has also left the Hasidic lifestyle, and that “working menial jobs to put herself through college constituted her final rejection” of the community. What value does Feldman place on education throughout the book? How does education play a role in escaping the Hasidic community?6. Discuss the Biblical figure of Deborah, as explored in “Inheritance.” What is the significance of Feldman sharing a name with this figure?7. How does Feldman view the role of motherhood? What does she hope to achieve for her son? Discuss Feldman’s relationship with her own mother, who was exiled from the community. 8. The desire to articulate self-identity is a driving theme in Exodus. What labels does Feldman feel most comfortable associating with herself?9. Though several years have passed since Feldman has last seen her grandmother, she has an indelible effect on Feldman’s life outside of the community. How does her grandmother’s status as a Holocaust survivor affect Feldman? Discuss the scene in which Feldman remembers her grandmother’s garden. How does this scene act as metaphor for life within the Satmar community?10. On page 106, Feldman comments that she feels markedly different from her peers, even during the simple act of smoking a cigarette. At what moments is this gulf most pronounced? How does the idea of the “presentation of self” come into play throughout the book? When does Feldman reveal her most authentic self, and to whom?11. How does Feldman’s trip to Heather’s deeply Christian hometown act as a sort of culture shock? Discuss her interactions with Leeann, Mark, and others who implore her to convert to Christianity. How does she cope with this proselytizing?12. Discuss Feldman’s interactions with Colt/Jacob. Why do you think Feldman chose to include their tense relationship? 13. Feldman’s roadtrip across America provides several moments of clarity during her search for selfhood. What moments struck you as most important? How does Feldman’s need for independence become increasingly pronounced throughout the book? Discuss her relationship with her identity as an American. 14. In New Orleans, Feldman finally finds the type of romantic relationship that offers fulfillment. Explore her experiences with her sexuality at this point in the memoir. How does her relationship with Conor help her to grow more confident? How does the dissolution of their relationship affect her sense of self?15. On page 174, Feldman discusses her choice to model for a painting. How does this act of defiance help her to reclaim her sexuality? Her selfhood? Relate this to Feldman’s assertion of feminism.  16. Feldman’s relationship with Markus brings to light some uncomfortable truths about the relationship between Germans and Jews. Discuss their lighthearted banter about Nazism, and Feldman’s uneasy relationship with it. How do these types of statements act as a type of defense mechanism for Feldman? When does it cross the line? What truths about German culture—if any—were surprising for you as a reader?17. On page 160, Feldman declares herself a “global Jew.” Unpack the meaning of this. How do her travels in Europe help to cement this identity?18. Throughout Exodus, Feldman grapples with overwhelming anxiety. At what moments does her anxiety manifest most strongly? By the end of the book, how does she cope with her fears?19. Feldman has faced incredible hurdles in creating a fulfilling, happy life outside of the community that rejected her. When is her strength most visible on the page? What is her greatest triumph? What moments of this memoir inspired you? 

Editorial Reviews

“One woman's search to understand herself and her Jewish heritage….Rich in details of Jewish life and the lives of her grandparents in the World War II era, [Feldman] sensitively portrays the inner struggles of accepting the pervasive feeling of survivor guilt and her own desires to understand the woman she was becoming. Feldman juxtaposes painfully emotional moments in concentration camps and in European towns where evidence of Jewish settlers was practically erased with humorous, almost macabre playacting scenarios with a German lover, scenarios that only added to Feldman's confusion over her own identity. The overall effect is captivating, entertaining and informative, providing readers with an honest assessment of the strength of one's convictions and the effect a strict religious background can have on a person. An enthralling account of how one Orthodox Jewish woman turned her back on her religion and found genuineness and validity in her new life.”—Kirkus“Feldman’s journey is undeniably and explicitly Jewish, but the aching need to find both a welcoming community and a sense of individuality is one that readers from all walks of life will be able to identify with. Those left unsatisfied with the abrupt ending to Unorthodox will enjoy the more hopeful conclusion to Feldman’s second book as well as her more mature and increasingly eloquent writing style.”—Booklist “Overall, Exodus is a satisfying sequel to Unorthodox, which shows how Deborah Feldman went on to the next step after getting her own freedom from the bonds of a strictly insular society….[a] chronicle of a continuing journey of self-discovery…There are many satisfying finds and revelations along the road, but there are also plenty of bumps, frustrations, disappointments and pitfalls, which is expected when one spends their formative years being closed off from the rest of the outside world, and is confined to the boundaries of a Brooklyn neighborhood….this book is more about the liberation of Deborah Feldman, and how she copes with this newfound sense of freedom and self-discovery, that can be a shock to some, or a declaration of independence for others.”—Stuart Nulman, Montreal Times“In her first memoir, Unorthodox, Feldman made the courageous choice to cut off ties with her family and the Satmar community of Williamsburg, Brooklyn…Now a divorced woman in her 20s, Feldman chronicles the next phase of her life in her new book [Exodus]….a quest of self-discovery…Some of the most powerful scenes come when Feldman retraces the path of her female ancestors in Hungary and confronts the anti-Semitism of contemporary Europe….Feldman ultimately discovers that her rightful place is wherever she happens to be.”—The New York Times Book Review