Expectancy and emotion

Hardcover | December 27, 2014

byMaria Miceli, Cristiano Castelfranchi

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The mind is a powerful anticipatory device. It frequently makes predictions about the future, telling us not only how the world might or will be, but also how it should be - or better - how we would like it to be. These expectancies shape our lives: they impact on our actual outcomes, oftenacting as self-fulfilling prophecies. They also constitute a reference point for establishing whether an outcome is a loss or a gain; that is, we evaluate our own outcomes not in absolute terms, but against our expectancies. And we feel ill-treated and betrayed when our expectancies aredisappointed. This book explores anticipation-based emotions, that is, the emotions associated with the dialectical interaction between "what is" and "what is not (yet)", be it a mere wished-for possibility or an expectation proper. It offers an analysis of both the emotions implying anticipations of futureevents - such as fear, anxiety, hope, and trust - and those elicited by the disconfirmation of a previous anticipation - surprise, disappointment, discouragement, sense of injustice, regret, and relief - in terms of their belief and goal components. In addition, it addresses anticipated emotions,that is, emotions we think we might experience in future circumstances, and explores how they influence our decisions. The reader will be taken on a journey of exploration and discovery into the multifarious facets and implications of an important family of emotions, aimed at understanding what theyhave in common, as well as the distinguishing features of each distinct emotion, and predicting their motivational and behavioral consequences.For students and researchers interested in the affective sciences, including psychology, philosophy, and neuroscience, this is a highly original and thought provoking new work.

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The mind is a powerful anticipatory device. It frequently makes predictions about the future, telling us not only how the world might or will be, but also how it should be - or better - how we would like it to be. These expectancies shape our lives: they impact on our actual outcomes, oftenacting as self-fulfilling prophecies. They als...

Maria Miceli, a social psychologist with a background in philosophy, is a senior researcher at the Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies of the Italian National Research Council (ISTC-CNR) in Rome, where she is a member of the Goal-Oriented Agents Lab. Her research activity focuses on the cognitive aspects of social mechanis...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:288 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 0.98 inPublished:December 27, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019968586X

ISBN - 13:9780199685868

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Anticipation and Emotion: Basic Premises3. Anticipation and Emotion: a Two-Way Road4. Kinds of Anticipatory Representations5. Emotions Elicited by Invalidated Anticipatory Representations6. Anticipatory Emotions7. Anticipated Emotions8. The Value of a Cognitive-Motivational Anatomy of Emotions: The Family of Anticipation-Based Emotions9. References

Editorial Reviews

"In all my years of thinking about the various types of emotions and how best to characterize their differences, as well as my thinking about the nature of surprise, I have never been able to be as insightful, as profound, and as rigorous as these two authors are in this book. What they havedone is not only unique, it is brilliant. As I read it, I stopped worrying about whether I agreed with them that this or that mental state is or isn't an emotion. Instead, I realized that sometimes it doesn't matter - that what matters is that there is a family of interesting and psychologicallyimportant, related states that we need to understand, regardless of how we categorize them. To make a die-hard purist like me ignore my prejudices is quite an achievement, and yet I feel all the better for it-indeed, almost liberated! Quite simply, this is wonderful, compelling book for which Iheartily congratulate my friends, the authors. I loved reading it; I wish I had written it." --Andrew Ortony