Explaining Criminal Justice by Steven P. Lab

Explaining Criminal Justice

bySteven P. Lab, Marian Williams, Jefferson E. Holcomb

Paperback | October 15, 2003

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Written by Lab, Williams, Holcomb, King, and Buerger, Explaining Criminal Justice is the first brief survey text designed for students entering the field of criminal justice who lack a criminal justice background. This primer's helpful shorthand presentation will be useful to students in a variety of ways: * Defines key terminology and issues in an easily understood format. * Offers a basic understanding of the component parts of the criminal justice system and how they interrelate. * Provides coverage of all major issues--plus a realistic overview of the criminal justice system. Each chapter features a list of key terms, brief discussions of the important issues under each topic, discussions of emerging issues and concerns in the field, references for all key topics, a brief bibliography, and appropriate website listings.

About The Author

Steven P. Lab, Marian Williams, and Jefferson E. Holcomb are all at Bowling Green State University.
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Title:Explaining Criminal JusticeFormat:PaperbackDimensions:190 pages, 5.98 × 9.02 × 0.59 inPublished:October 15, 2003Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195330315

ISBN - 13:9780195330311

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Crime and the Criminal Justice SystemIntroduction: What Is Crime?Measuring Crime: The Philosophies of the Criminal Justice SystemRetribution: Deterrence: Rehabilitation: A System of Checks and BalancesThe Four C's of the Criminal Justice System (Citizens, Cops, Courts, and Corrections)Recent Trends in Criminal JusticeSuggested ReadingsChapter 2: Theories/Explanations of CrimeIntroductionTheoretical Schools of ThoughtThe Classical School: The Positivist School: Neoclassicism: Biological ExplanationsPhysical Appearance Theories: Genetics and Inheritance Explanations: Biosocial Approaches: Psychological ExplanationsPsychoanalytic Approaches: Developmental Explanations: Learning Theories: Personality Traits: Sociological ExplanationsThe Ecological Perspective: Sociological Learning Theories: Subcultural Approaches: Routine Activities and Rational Choice: Social Control Theories: Strain Theories: The Labeling Perspective: Conflict Theories: Theory IntegrationSuggested ReadingsChapter 3: Policing and Law EnforcementIntroductionLaw Enforcement: Order Maintenance: Service: StructureLocal: Sheriff: State: Federal: Special Police: Tribal: OrganizationSworn vs. Civilian: Geography: Time: Police Work and Career PathsThe Hiring Process: Field Training: Promotion: Specialties: Historical BackgroundThe American ExperiencePolitical Era: Professional Era: Community Policing Era: Enduring Elements and IssuesPolice Subculture: Police Corruption: Harassment: Improper Use of Force: The Blue Wall: Who Will Guard the Guardians?: Future IssuesSuggested ReadingsChapter 4: Courts and Legal IssuesIntroductionCommon Law: Sources of Law: Criminal vs. Civil Law: Adversarial System: Due Process vs. Crime Control: The Court System: Dual Court System: Jurisdiction: Assembly-Line Justice: Courtroom Workgroup: Attrition and Plea Bargaining: Federal Court SystemState Court SystemsCourt ActorsProsecutors: Defense Attorneys: Judges: Movement of Cases Through the Court SystemCurrent IssuesSuggested ReadingsChapter 5: CorrectionsIntroductionContemporary CorrectionsPunishment in Contemporary AmericaSentencing and SanctionsSentencing Models: Available SanctionsCommunity Supervision and Intermediate Sanctions: Jails: Prisons and Correctional Institutions: Prison Life, Release, and Reintegration: Future Issues Facing CorrectionsSuggested ReadingsChapter 6: The Juvenile Justice SystemIntroductionDefining DelinquencyThe Development of the Juvenile Justice SystemThe Philosophy of the SystemThe Police and JuvenilesThe Juvenile CourtDetention: The Intake Decision: The Transfer (or Waiver) Decision: Adjudication: Disposition: Due Process for JuvenilesJuvenile CorrectionsDiversion: Institutional and Residential Interventions: Community Interventions: Special TopicsGangs: Drugs and Delinquency: Capital Punishment and Juveniles: Calls to Eliminate the Juvenile System: Suggested Readings

Editorial Reviews

"The approach is excellent. How have we survived so long without this text? This is an excellent overview for students without a criminal justice background."--Olga Tsoudis, Wayne State University