Exploring Biological Anthropology: An Integrated Lab Manual and Workbook by Frank LEngle WilliamsExploring Biological Anthropology: An Integrated Lab Manual and Workbook by Frank LEngle Williams

Exploring Biological Anthropology: An Integrated Lab Manual and Workbook

byFrank LEngle Williams

Paperback | September 14, 2009

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A fresh approach that helps students apply scientific principles to solve real-world problems. Designed for introductory courses in biological anthropology with laboratory components, Exploring Biological Anthropology can be used with any introductory text. Author Frank L'Engle Williams emphasizes critical thinking and the comparative perspective to understand key concepts in biologicalanthropology, which helps students to further explore what they learn in the classroom.
Dr. Frank L'Engle Williams is in the Department of Anthropology at Georgia State University.
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Title:Exploring Biological Anthropology: An Integrated Lab Manual and WorkbookFormat:PaperbackDimensions:256 pages, 8.31 × 10.79 × 0.51 inPublished:September 14, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019538685X

ISBN - 13:9780195386851

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Table of Contents

Preface1. Biological anthropology and the scientific methodBackgroundScientific inquiryCritical thinkingHypothesis, fact and theoryLaboratory 1: Epistemology and the scientific method2. Evolutionary theoryBackgroundEvolutionary theoryNatural selectionGenetic drift and gene flowLaboratory introduction: Darwinian medicine, fertility and healthPathogensMicrobial communitiesHuman reproductionLaboratory 2: Explain these evolutionary scenarios3. GeneticsBackgroundMendelian inheritanceMendelian versus polygenic traitsProtein synthesisCellular reproductionLaboratory introduction: Prediction in geneticsABO blood groupHardy-WeinbergAutosomal and sex-lined traitsGenotype and phenotypeLaboratory 3: Punnett Squares, ABO and Hardy-Weinberg4. Human osteology1: The human skeletonVertebral columnPelvisPectoral girdleAppendicular skeletonSkullWorksheet for Lab 4: Identification of featuresLaboratory 4 (part 1): Quiz on skeletal features2: Estimating age and sexAging nonadultsAging adultsSex estimationLaboratory 4 (part 2): Age and sex estimation in Homo sapiens5. Living PrimatesBackgroundDiet, locomotion and social behaviorPrimate TaxonomyLaboratory introduction: Methods for observing primate behaviorSampling proceduresFormats for recording observationsTesting research questionsSocial behavior categoriesLaboratory 5 (option 1): Observing primatesLaboratory 5 (option 2): Diet, morphology and body size6. Primate classification and comparative anatomyBackgroundPhylogeny and taxonomyCo-opting of traitsPhylogeny worksheetLaboratory introduction: Functional and craniodental anatomyFunctional anatomy: TeethSexual dimorphismLaboratory 6: Comparative anatomy7. Dating methods and paleoecologyBackgroundLaboratory introduction: Dating methods and habitat reconstructionStratigraphy, biostratigraphy and biochronologyChronometric datingFluorine datingPaleomagnetic datingSouth African cavesEast African stratigraphic sequencesReconstructing the context of the remainsLaboratory 7: Dating fossils and interpreting diet8. Primate evolutionBackgroundPrecambrianPaleozoic eraMesozoic eraCenozoic eraLaboratory introduction: The primate fossil recordEarly primatesAnthropoidsApesEarly bipedsCeropithecid monkeysLaboratory 8: The evolution of primates, Eocene to Miocene9. Last common ancestor and bipedalismBackgroundLaboratory introduction: Anatomy of bipedalismLaboratory 9: Structure and function of bipedal locomotion10. AustralopithecusBackgroundSouth African AustralopithecusRobust australopithecinesLaboratory introduction: Plio-Pleistocene AustralopithecusLaboratory 10: Craniofacial anatomy of Australopithecus11. Early Homo and Homo erectusBackgroundIncreasing brain sizeLife waysMigration out of AfricaLaboratory introduction: The evolution and extinction of Homo erectusHistory of discoveryTaxonomyCranial morphologyLaboratory 11: Pleistocene Homo12. Archaic H. sapiensBackgroundIsolation and Homo floresiensisNeandertalsHistorical perspectivesSkeletal traitsGeneticsLaboratory introduction: Upper Pleistocene remains of late archaic humansGrowth and developmentNeurocraniumFacePostcraniumLaboratory 12: Morphology, development and paleodemography in Archaic H. sapiens13. Modern human originsBackgroundModernityEvolution of languageLaboratory introduction: Archaic and modern H. sapiensLaboratory 13: Modern humans and their relatives14. Human variationBackgroundAustralia and the AmericasCategorical race and the type conceptLaboratory introduction: Adaptive and nonadaptive patterns of human variationSkin complexionClinal distributionsMale and femaleLaboratory 14: Human variation15. Forensic anthropology and bioarchaeologyBackgroundAge, sex and stature estimationStatureAncestryBioarchaeologyLaboratory introduction: Skeletal trauma and pathologyLaboratory 15: Mock cases and skeletal pathology16. Human adaptationBackgroundLaboratory introduction: Life history theoryHuman growth and developmentAdult statureLife expectancy with respect to subsistence patternsThe grandmother and embodied capital hypothesesLaboratory 16: Maturation and mortalityAppendix 1: Primate fossil record and geological time scale in millions of years (mya)Appendix 2: Assessment of learning outcomesAppendix 3: Textbook correlation tableAppendix 4: Optional laboratory using statisticsLaboratory Introduction: Some common statistical techniquesLaboratory Appendix 4: Interpreting relationships using statisticsAppendix 5: Materials for labsGlossaryBibliographyIndex