External Arguments in Transitivity Alternations: A Layering Approach

Paperback | February 8, 2015

byArtemis Alexiadou, Elena Anagnostopoulou, Florian Schafer

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This book is an exploration of the syntax of external arguments in transitivity alternations from a cross-linguistic perspective. It focuses particularly on the causative/anticausative alternation, which the authors take to be a Voice alternation, and the formation of adjectival participles.The authors use data principally from English, German, and Greek to demonstrate that the presence of anticausative morphology does not have any truth-conditional effects, but that marked anticausatives involve more structure than their unmarked counterparts. This morphology is therefore argued to beassociated with a semantically inert Voice head that the authors call "expletive Voice". The authors also propose that passive formation is not identical across languages, and that the distinction between target vs. result state participles is crucial in understanding the contribution of Voice inadjectival passives.The book provides the tools required to investigate the morphosyntactic structure of verbs and participles, and to identify the properties of verbal alternations across languages. It will be of interest to theoretical linguists from graduate level upwards, particularly those specializing inmorphosyntax and typology.

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This book is an exploration of the syntax of external arguments in transitivity alternations from a cross-linguistic perspective. It focuses particularly on the causative/anticausative alternation, which the authors take to be a Voice alternation, and the formation of adjectival participles.The authors use data principally from English...

Artemis Alexiadou is Professor of Theoretical and English Linguistics at the University of Stuttgart. She received her Ph.D. in Linguistics in 1994 from the University of Potsdam. Her research interests lie in theoretical and comparative syntax, morphology, and most importantly in the interface between syntax, morphology, the lexicon, ...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:248 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.68 inPublished:February 8, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199571953

ISBN - 13:9780199571956

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Event Decomposition and the causative alternation3. Voice Morphology and the causative alternation4. A typology of Voice5. Adjectival passives and Voice6. Conclusions