Faces on the Ballot: The Personalization of Electoral Systems in Europe

Hardcover | March 5, 2016

byAlan Renwick, Jean-benoit Pilet

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One of the key shifts in contemporary politics is the trend towards greater personalization. Collective actors such as political parties are losing relevance. Citizens are slowly dealigning from these actors, and individual politicians are therefore growing in importance in elections, ingovernment, within parties, and in media reporting of politics. A crucial question concerns how this new pattern could be restructuring politics over the long run - notably, whether the personalization of politics is changing the institutional architecture of contemporary democracies. The authors show that the trend towards personalization is indeed changing core democratic institutions. Studying the evolution of electoral systems in thirty-one European democracies since 1945, they demonstrate that, since the 1990s, there has been a shift towards more personalized electoralsystems. Electoral systems in most European countries now allow voters to express preferences for candidates, not just for political parties. And the weight of these voters' preferences in the allocation of seats has been increased in numerous countries. They examine the factors that appear to be driving this evolution, finding that the personalization of electoral systems is associated with the growing gap between citizens and politics. Politicians and legislators appear to perceive the personalization of electoral systems as a way to address thedemocratic malaise and to restore trust in politics by reducing the role of political parties in elections. The book also shows, however, that whether these reforms have had any success in achieving their aims is far less clear. Comparative Politics is a series for students, teachers, and researchers of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is publishedin association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu.The Comparative Politics series is edited by Emilie van Haute, Professor of Political Science, Universite libre de Bruxelles; Ferdinand Muller-Rommel, Director of the Center for the Study of Democracy, Leuphana University; and Susan Scarrow, Chair of the Department of Political Science, Universityof Houston.

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One of the key shifts in contemporary politics is the trend towards greater personalization. Collective actors such as political parties are losing relevance. Citizens are slowly dealigning from these actors, and individual politicians are therefore growing in importance in elections, ingovernment, within parties, and in media reportin...

Alan Renwick is Deputy Director of the Constitution Unit in the Department of Political Science at University College London. He was previously Associate Professor of Comparative Politics at the University of Reading. His publications include The Politics of Electoral Reform: Changing the Rules of Democracy (Cambridge University Pre...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:304 pagesPublished:March 5, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199685045

ISBN - 13:9780199685042

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Debating the Personalization of Politics and Electoral SystemsPart 1. Are Electoral Systems Becoming More Personalized?2. The Personalization of Electoral Systems: What Is It?Appendix to Chapter 23. European Electoral Systems, 1945-2009Appendix to Chapter 3Part 2. What Explains Electoral System Personalization?4. Conditions of Electoral System PersonalizationAppendix to Chapter 45. Electoral System Personalization: The Origins of Europe's Electoral Systems6. Electoral Reforms before the Personalization Era: 1945-19897. The Politics of Personalization since 1989: Flexible-List Systems8. The Politics of Personalization since 1989: Closed-List, Open-List, Mixed, and Non-List SystemsPart 3. Do Personalizing Electoral Reforms Have Any Effects?9. Personalization and Election Results10. Personalization and Democratic Renewal: Anything More than Talk?11. Conclusion