Factory Production in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Paperback | December 15, 2002

EditorElaine Freedgood

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This anthology brings together writings ranging from the canonical to the obscure that suggest the scope of responses--from wondrous celebration to apocalyptic horror--elicited by the advent and establishment of the factory system in nineteenth-century Britain. Addressing complex questionsabout the possible effects of mass production on human life and labor, this collection presents important works by John Ruskin, Thomas Carlyle, and William Morris alongside lesser-known selections from factory tourists' tales and inspectors' reports, Parliamentary testimony, a Luddite pamphlet, anda cotton mill worker's autobiography. These texts reveal the richness and complexity of the debates, contradictions, and conflicts that accompanied the rise of the factory as the most important site of commodity production. The selections are arranged and introduced in a way that helps students makesense of this complicated field. An introduction by the editor and a chronology of the British factory system help place the materials in their historical context. Ideal for courses in Victorian history, literature, and culture, Factory Production in Nineteenth-Century Britain will also interest students of industrial development and of the history of economics, urbanization, women's work, and childhood.

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This anthology brings together writings ranging from the canonical to the obscure that suggest the scope of responses--from wondrous celebration to apocalyptic horror--elicited by the advent and establishment of the factory system in nineteenth-century Britain. Addressing complex questionsabout the possible effects of mass production o...

Elaine Freedgood is at New York University.

other books by Elaine Freedgood

Format:PaperbackDimensions:336 pages, 5.71 × 8.31 × 0.79 inPublished:December 15, 2002Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019514872X

ISBN - 13:9780195148725

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Table of Contents

PrefaceChronologyIntroductionONE. LOOKING INSIDE1. TouristsGeorge Dodd, A Day at a Hat-Factory (1843)Harriet Martineau, What There Is in a Button (1852)Lady Bell, The Process of Ironmaking (1907)2. InvestigatorsCharles Babbage, On the Method of Observing Manufactories (1832)Emilia Dilke, The Industrial Position of Women (1893)3. HistoriansEdward Baines, Jr., Inventions in Spinning Machines (1835)TWO. MACHINES AND MANAGEMENT4. TheoryAdam Smith, On the Division of Labor (1776)Robert Owen, from A Statement Regarding the New Lanark Establishment (1812)David Ricardo, On Machinery (1821)Thomas Carlyle, Captains of Industry (1843)Karl Marx, The Factory (1867)5. PracticeGeorge Beaumont, from The Beggar's Complaint (1813)Charles Babbage, from On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures (1832)Andrew Ure, General View of Manufacturing Industry (1835)Francis Place, Hand Loom Weavers and Factory Workers: A Letter to James Turner, Cotton Spinner (1835)The Effects of Machinery on Manual Labor, and on the Distribution of the Produce of Industry (1842)THREE. CALCULATING LOSSES6. Childhood and DomesticityJames Phillips Kay-Shuttleworth, from The Moral and Physical Condition of the Working Classes (1832)Peter Gaskell, Separation of Families (1833)Thomas Macaulay, Speech on the Ten Hours Act: Delivered in the House of Commons on the 22d of May, 1846 (1846)7. Limbs and LivesRichard Oastler, Yorkshire Slavery (1830)Charles Wing, Parliamentary Testimony on Child Labour (1837)Friedrich Engels, from Single Branches of Industry (1845)Henry Morley, Ground in the Mill (1854)John Ward (O'Neil), From His Diary (1860)FOUR. BY HAND8. The Humanity of the HandmadeJohn Ruskin, The Nature of Gothic (1853)William Morris, The Revival of Handicraft: An Article in the "Fortnightly Review," November 1888 (1888)9. "Manual" Labor and National IndependenceMahatma Gandhi, The Duty of Spinning (1921) Hand-Spinning Again (1921) The Secret of Swaraj (1921)GlossaryContributor's BiographiesSuggestions for Further ReadingIndex