Figure Drawing: The Structural Anatomy and Expressive Design of the Human Form by Nathan GoldsteinFigure Drawing: The Structural Anatomy and Expressive Design of the Human Form by Nathan Goldstein

Figure Drawing: The Structural Anatomy and Expressive Design of the Human Form

byNathan Goldstein

Paperback | February 2, 2010

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Appropriate for all beginning and intermediate courses in Art, Basic Drawing, Figure Drawing, or Life Drawing.


Providing a concise but comprehensive survey of all matters pertaining to drawing the human figure, this well-illustrated and accurate guide demonstrates the interplay of structure, anatomy, design, and expression in sound figure drawing.  This text shows how the integration of these four factors is essential in drawing the figure in a compelling and lucid manner.

Nathan Goldstein has been an exhibiting artist since 1950. His artwork is in numerous private and public collections, including The Art Institute of Chicago, The Arkansas Art Centre, The National Academy of Design, The Boston Public Library Collection and The Danforth Museum.   Mr. Goldstein was born in Chicago, Illinois, in 1927 ...
Title:Figure Drawing: The Structural Anatomy and Expressive Design of the Human FormFormat:PaperbackDimensions:368 pages, 10.7 × 8.4 × 0.7 inPublished:February 2, 2010Publisher:Pearson EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0136031919

ISBN - 13:9780136031918

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Table of Contents

1 The Evolution of Intent
Major Factors and Concepts in Figure Drawing     1
Some Common Denominators     1
The Emergence of Interpretive Figure Drawing     9
2 The Structural Factor
The Figure As a Structure     35
Some General Observations     35
A Planar Approach to Human Form     42
The Interjoining of Planes and Masses     45
Structure and Value     49
Structural Supports and Suspensions in the Figure     52
Structural Aspects of Foreshortening     55
Seeing Shape, Direction, and Edge     60
Structural Aspects of the Draped Figure and Its Environment     65
Suggested Exercises     75
3 The Anatomical Factor
Part One: The Skeleton     79
Some General Observations     79
Bones of the Skull     80
Bones of the Spinal Column     83
Bones of the Rib Cage     85
Bones of the Shoulder Girdle     86
Bones of the Pelvis     89
Bones of the Arm     91
Bones of the Leg     98
Skeletal Proportions     101
The Skeleton in Figure Drawing     105
Suggested Exercises     113
4 The Anatomical Factor
Part Two: The Muscles     121
Some General Observations     121
Muscles of the Head     122
Surface Forms of the Head     124
Muscles of the Neck     129
Muscles of the Torso     132
Muscles of the Arm     141
Muscles of the Leg     151
Skin and Fat     169
Further Observations on Surface Forms     169
Suggested Exercises     190
5 The Design Factor
The Relational Content of Figure Drawing     195
Some General Observations     195
The Visual Elements     201
Line    201
Value    207
Shape    211
Volume     218
Texture    222
The Elements in Action     228
Direction    229
Rhythm    231
Handling or Character    231
Location and Proximity    232
Subdivision    232
Visual Weight    232
Tension    233
Figurative Influences    234
Examples of Relational Activities in Figure Drawing     235
Anatomy as an Agent of Design     242
The Figure and the Environment     243
Suggested Exercises     252
6 The Expressive Factor
The Emotive Content of Figure Drawing     257
Some General Observations     257
The Expression Inherent in the Elements     262
Distortion     268
The Expressive Role of the Medium     270
Examples of Expression in Figure Drawing     273
Suggested Exercises     284
7 The Factors Interacting
Some Examples     287
Differing Formulas     287
The Pathologies of Figure Drawing     310
Perceptual Defects    310
Organizational Defects    313
Expressive Defects    314
The Role of Media in Expression     315

In Conclusion 317
Glossary    353
Bibliography    355
Index  357