First Citizens: Studies on Adivasis, Tribals, and Indigenous Peoples in India

Hardcover | June 16, 2016

EditorMeena Radhakrishna

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The concept of "tribe" in India is a beleaguered one, and shares overlapping definitions with a number of nomenclatures - "adivasis", "indigenous people", and even "Scheduled Tribes". For centuries, over widely dispersed territories, groups of communities were subjected to very similarinimical processes that led to their destitution.First Citizens engages with the political and historical processes which go into the making of differential identities and adoption of specific labels by communities, and explores a number of critical issues confronting this extremely vulnerable section of Indian society. The essays document thediverse causes for migrations of India's "tribal" populations, notably women, and their absorption into both rural and urban informal economies; the multi-layered aggression of "development" policies impinging on the lives of those inhabiting mineral-rich habitats; the violent interface betweenpoliticized forest dwellers and the Indian state; the theory and practice behind the Forest Rights Act and the environmentalists' dilemma; and state legislation which may be enabling or otherwise for forest-based communities.Highlighting these communities' attempts to organize a broad-based social movement to challenge ecologically destructive and non-inclusive economic policies, this volume chronicles their struggle to claim a common identity as Indian citizens.

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The concept of "tribe" in India is a beleaguered one, and shares overlapping definitions with a number of nomenclatures - "adivasis", "indigenous people", and even "Scheduled Tribes". For centuries, over widely dispersed territories, groups of communities were subjected to very similarinimical processes that led to their destitution.Fi...

Meena Radhakrishna is an independent researcher. She formerly taught sociology at the Department of Sociology, University of Delhi.
Format:HardcoverDimensions:456 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.98 inPublished:June 16, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019945969X

ISBN - 13:9780199459698

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Table of Contents

List of AbbreviationsAcknowledgementsMeena Radhakrisna: IntroductionSECTION I: CATEGORIES AND IDENTITIES AS HISTORICAL PROCESS1. Virginius Xaxa: Formation of Adivasi/Indigenous Peoples' Identity in India2. Savyasaachi: Primitive Accumulation, Labour and the Making of 'Scheduled Tribe', 'Indigenous', and Adivasi Sensibility3. Biswamoy Pati: 'Hindus have to be born as Hindus': The Magic Wand of Brahminical Hinduism and Conversions4. David Vumlallian Zou: Peoples, Power, and Belief in North-east India5. Rudolf C. Heredia: The Adivasi Other: Ethnicity and Minority Status6. Arjun Rathva, Dhananjay Rai, and N. Rajaram: Denotification of the Rathvas as Adivasis in GujaratSECTION II: DESTRUCTION, LOSS, DISLOCATION7. Felix Padel: In the Name of Sustainable Development: Genocide Masked as 'Tribal Development'8. Indrani Mazumdar: Unfree Mobility: Adivasi Women's Migration9. Sharit Bhowmik: Tribal Labour in the Tea Plantations of West Bengal: Problems of Migration and Settlement10. Neetha N.: Urban Housekeepers from Tribal Homelands: Adivasi Women Migrants and Domestic Work in DelhiSECTION III: NEGOTIATIONS AND REDRESSALS11. Sudha Vasan: Shifting the Terrain of Struggle: Critically Evaluating the Forest Rights Act12. Madhu Sarin: Retreiving Ancestral Rights The Making of The Forest Rights Act13. Archana Prasad: 'Adivasis' and the Trajectories of Political Mobilization in Contemporary India14. Ashish Kothari and Neema Pathak: Conservation and Rights in India: Are We Moving towards Any Kind of Harmony?Epilogue: Violence of 'Development' and Adivasi Resistance - An OverviewAppendix: A Brief Review of Laws Impacting AdivasisIndexAbout the Editor and Contributors