First principles of general knowledge simply explained by Susanna Mary PaullFirst principles of general knowledge simply explained by Susanna Mary Paull

First principles of general knowledge simply explained

bySusanna Mary Paull

Paperback | February 6, 2012

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1852. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER VII. MaNUFaCTURES. Section 1.--Silk, Wool, Flax, etc. Q. What is the origin of the word Manufacture? A. It is derived from two Latin words, manus, the hand, and factus, made. Q. What were originally the principal machines used in manufactories? A. The distaff, the loom, and the millwheel; the distaff and loom were anciently worked by the hand, and the mill-wheel turned by wind or water, but now most machinery is worked by steam. Q. Of what use are the distaff and loom? a. The distaff for spinning, and the loom for weaving. Silk, cotton, wool, flax, and hemp, must all be spun and woven to make articles for use. Q. Of what use are mills? a. Mills turned by machinery, or by steam, are now used for spinning and reeling cotton, silk and wool. SILK. Q. What are the processes silk must undergo before it is woven into satin, velvet, or silk, for dresses, &c.? A. Spinning, reeling, bleaching, and dyeing. Q. What is reeling? A. The cocoons, or balls of silk spun by the silkworm are thrown into warm water, and the ends of the threads being found, several are joined together and wound on reels; it is then called raw silk. Q. Of what are satins and velvets made? A. Of silk which has been wound from the cocoons while in boiling water. a. What is done then? A. It is cleansed, and afterwards spun into threads of different qualities as required by the weaver. Q. What is weaving? A. A kind of fine matting. Threads the length of a piece of silk are stretched on a loom to a proper tightness; this is called the warp; the threads which cross are called the woof. Q. How are these twisted with the others? A. The long threads are separated by an instrument, called a reed, into two sets, and by the working of a treadle, the two sets rise up and down alternately and the cro...
Title:First principles of general knowledge simply explainedFormat:PaperbackDimensions:42 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.09 inPublished:February 6, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217833667

ISBN - 13:9780217833660