Fitting The Mind To The World: Adaptation And After-effects In High-level Vision

Hardcover | May 5, 2005

EditorColin W. G. Clifford, Gillian Rhodes

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Adaptation phenomena provide striking examples of perceptual plasticity and offer valuable insight into the mechanisms of visual coding. The technique of psychophysical adaptation has aptly been termed the psychologist's microelectrode because of its usefulness in investigating the coding ofsensory information in the human brain. Its broader relevance though is illustrated by the increasing use of adaptation to study more cognitive aspects of vision such as the mechanisms of face perception and the neural substrates of visual awareness. This book brings together a collection of studies from international researchers, which demonstrate the brain's remarkable capacity to adapt its representation of the visual world in response to changes in its environment. A major theme throughout is that adaptation at all stages of visualprocessing serves a functional role in the efficient representation of the prevailing visual environment. Information about the visual world is coded in the rate at which neurons fire. However, neurons can only respond over a certain range of firing rates. Adaptation of the way in which neurons codevisual information tends to make optimal use of this limited response range. Though these principles are well established at the level of light adaptation in the retina, it is only relatively recently that researchers have started to look for analogous behaviour at the higher levels of the visualsystem. This book is the first to bring together evidence that adaptation in high-level vision, as at the lower levels, serves to fit the mind to the world.

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Adaptation phenomena provide striking examples of perceptual plasticity and offer valuable insight into the mechanisms of visual coding. The technique of psychophysical adaptation has aptly been termed the psychologist's microelectrode because of its usefulness in investigating the coding ofsensory information in the human brain. Its b...

Colin W. Clifford is at the School of Psychology, University of Sydney. Gillian Rhodes is at the School of Psychology, University of Western Australia.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:376 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 1.03 inPublished:May 5, 2005Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198529694

ISBN - 13:9780198529699

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Table of Contents

Colin Clifford and Gillian Rhodes: Fitting the mind to the world - introductionSection I: Foundations1. Michael R. Ibbotson: Physiological mechanisms of adaptation in the visual system2. Colin Clifford: Functional ideas about adaptation applied to spatial and motion vision3. Nicholas J. Wade and Frans A. J. Verstraten: Accommodating the past: a selective history of adaptation4. Qasim Zaidi: The role of adaptation in colour constancySection II: High-level vision5. Satoru Suzuki: High-level pattern coding revealed by brief shape aftereffects6. Zoe Kourtzi and Kalanit Grill-Spector: fMRI adaptation: a tool for studying visual representations in the primate brain7. David A. Leopold and Igor Bondar: Adaptation to complex visual patterns in humans and monkeys8. Gillian Rhodes, Rachel Robbins, Emma Jacquet, Elinor McKone, Linda Jeffery and Colin Clifford: Adaptation and face perception: how aftereffects implicate norm-based coding of faces9. Michael A. Webster, John S. Werner and David J. Field: Adaptation and the phenomenology of perceptionSection III: Attention and awareness10. Randolph Blake and Sheng He: Adaptation as a tool for probing the neural correlates of visual awareness: progress and precautions11. David Alais: Attentional modulation of motion adaptation12. Derek H. Arnold and David Whitney: Adaptation and perceptual binding in sight and sound

Editorial Reviews

"For readers interested in visual cognition or related areas, there is no doubt you will want to own a copy of this cutting-edge text."--Doody's