Five Constraints On Predicting Behavior by Jerome KaganFive Constraints On Predicting Behavior by Jerome Kagan

Five Constraints On Predicting Behavior

byJerome Kagan

Hardcover | August 11, 2017

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A distinguished psychologist considers five conditions that constrain inferences about the relation between brain activity and psychological processes.

Scientists were unable to study the relation of brain to mind until the invention of technologies that measured the brain activity accompanying psychological processes. Yet even with these new tools, conclusions are tentative or simply wrong. In this book, the distinguished psychologist Jerome Kagan describes five conditions that place serious constraints on the ability to predict mental or behavioral outcomes based on brain data: the setting in which evidence is gathered, the expectations of the subject, the source of the evidence that supports the conclusion, the absence of studies that examine patterns of causes with patterns of measures, and the habit of borrowing terms from psychology.

Kagan describes the important of context, and how the experimental setting-including the room, the procedure, and the species, age, and sex of both subject and examiner-can influence the conclusions. He explains how subject expectations affect all brain measures; considers why brain and psychological data often yield different conclusions; argues for relations between patterns of causes and outcomes rather than correlating single variables; and criticizes the borrowing of psychological terms to describe brain evidence. Brain sites cannot be in a state of "fear."

A deeper understanding of the brain's contributions to behavior, Kagan argues, requires investigators to acknowledge these five constraints in the design or interpretation of an experiment.

Title:Five Constraints On Predicting BehaviorFormat:HardcoverDimensions:256 pages, 8 × 5.38 × 0.94 inPublished:August 11, 2017Publisher:The MIT PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0262036525

ISBN - 13:9780262036528


Editorial Reviews

No other psychologist 'tells it like it is' the way Kagan does. He's lived through a good portion of the recent history of experimental psychology, and has sharp opinions about what is needed for the field to advance beyond some of its currently troubling tendencies. Every psychological researcher, and neuroscientist interested in behavior, must read this book.

-Joseph LeDoux, author of Anxious