Forensic Anthropology: Contemporary Theory and Practice by Debra Komar

Forensic Anthropology: Contemporary Theory and Practice

byDebra Komar, Jane Buikstra

Hardcover | October 18, 2007

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Despite a history of more than 30 years, forensic anthropology is, in many ways, still in its infancy. Its early practitioners were by necessity self-taught, and the field has developed in a largely reactionary, ad hoc manner. This text, designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate coursesin forensic anthropology, provides information that reflects the current and future needs of this rapidly professionalizing field. It unites theoretical and methodological knowledge drawn from anthropology and the forensic sciences and offers thought-provoking case studies and discussion. Co-writtenby a foremost authority in the field of forensic anthropology and an anthropologist whose fieldwork for a medical examiner's office has included forensic identification in Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq, and Darfur, this volume is the first comprehensive forensic anthropology text; it examines medical, legal,ethical, and humanitarian issues associated with forensic anthropology, biohistory (the use of modern forensic methods in identifying remains of prominent historical figures), and current forensic methods.

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Title:Forensic Anthropology: Contemporary Theory and PracticeFormat:HardcoverDimensions:400 pages, 6.3 × 9.29 × 0.79 inPublished:October 18, 2007Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195300297

ISBN - 13:9780195300291

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Table of Contents

Chapters 2-10 open with an Introduction and end with a Conclusion.Preface1. IntroductionForensic Anthropology: A Brief History (1972-2006)What is Forensic Anthropology Today?Where Do Forensic Anthropologists Work?Is Forensic Anthropology in the US Expanding?Forensic Anthropology Outside the USResearch in Forensic Anthropology TodayForensic Anthropology in Perspective2. The Medicolegal SystemThe Medicolegal SystemJurisdictionDeath Investigation: Cause and Manner of DeathMotive, Intent, and Volition: Autopsy and Postmortem ExaminationsTriage and Mechanisms of Death: Anthropology and Autopsy: Public Perception of Autopsy: 3. Evidence and the Judicial SystemEvidenceRecognizing Evidence: Evidence Interpretation: Rationality versus ParsimonyThe Judicial System: An OverviewTestifying as a WitnessQualifying as an Expert Witness: Homicide4. Crime Scene Investigation: Identifying Medicolegal Remains, Search Strategies, and Scene DocumentationIdentifying Remains of Medicolegal SignificanceTypes of Nonmedicolegal Remains: Distinguishing Recent from Archaeological Remains: Differentiating Human from Animal Bone and Nonbiological MaterialsJurisdiction and the Crime SceneResponsibility versus Authority: Protocols: Evaluating ScenesSearch StrategiesEvidenceDocumentationBurialsArchaeological versus Forensic Approaches to Excavation: Theories of Deposition: Report Writing5. Beginning the Identification Process: Developing Biological ProfilesTheories and Methods in Forensic AnthropologyThe Estimation of Sex from Skeletal RemainsSex: Juvenile Remains: Sex: Adult Remains: The Estimation of Age-at-Death from Skeletal RemainsAge: Juvenile Remains: Age: Adult Remains: AncestryStature EstimationOther Physical Features6. Pathology and Trauma AssessmentThe Language of Pathology, Anatomy, and MedicinePathology: An OverviewClasses of Pathology: Trauma AssessmentSharp Force Trauma: Tool Mark Analysis: Blunt Force Trauma: Internal and External Factors in Fractures: Asphyxia: Gunshot Wound InterpretationTypical Gunshot Wound Morphology: Atypical Gunshot Wound Morphology: Determining the Sequence of Injuries in Polytonic Trauma: 7. Forensic TaphonomyForensic TaphonomyThe Goals of Forensic TaphonomyTime-since-Death Estimation: Methods of Time-since-Death Estimation: Bone Modification: Mechanisms of Transport: Preservation and Collection Bias: Reconstructing Perimortem Events: 8. Personal IdentificationHow Identification Is EstablishedCategories of IdentificationDoe Designation: Methods of Positive IdentificationVisual Recognition: Fingerprinting: DNA: DNA and Forensic Anthropology: Forensic Odontology: Radiologic Identification: Alternative Medical ImagingImpact of Daubert on Positive IdentificationPhotographic Superimposition and Facial Recognition9. Mass Death and International Investigations of Human Rights ViolationsWar CrimesGenocide: Group Identity versus Personal Identification: Personal IdentificationHumanitarian versus Medicolegal ResponseEstablishing Jurisdiction: Agencies: Mass GravesCommingling: Objectivity10. Biohistory: Historical Questions, Methods, and EthicsBiohistory--Past and PresentOther Biohistorical QuestionsNoninvasive AnalysesA Case Study in Biohistorical and Forensic Investigation: Billy the KidA Brief History of Billy the Kid: The (Almost) Exhumation of Billy the Kid: GlossaryBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

"This book is definitely one that I would use in my classes. As a reference text it is one that all practicing forensic anthropologists will want to own and will want their students to have. Other volumes do not provide a comprehensive resource for the challenges facing us today. Such a volumeas [this one] will certainly advance that cause."--Mary H. Manhein, Louisiana State University and Deputy Coroner of East Baton Rouge Parish