This book presents a comprehensive account of the transformation of Assam's forests and ecology from the colonial times to the present. It examines the role of British intervention and imperial forestry practices highlighting the changes in traditional resource utilization patterns. The volumeexplores the question of law and conservation; role of institutions and organizations; and the changing role of the forests in imperial economy. It shows how current ecological conflicts are intricately located in the colonial era when forests, land and resource based conflicts began to take newshape. The author also discusses plantations, silvicultural practices, questions of protection and regeneration; and livelihood practices. He shows how the making of forest policy in the post-colonial period was defined more by the complexities of the political matrix. The book also engages with publicdebates surrounding ecology and environment and examines changes in conservation practices after the 1980 Act. This book will interest scholars and students of modern Indian history and environmental studies particularly those concerned with northeast India.