Foundations of Developmental Education provides a conclusive alternative to the traditional oversimplification of the pervasive education problem in the United States. Hashway chronicles the decline of education in the United States over the past 50 years and studies the factors that have supposedly affected the quality of education. Analyzing the educational system, Hashway provides sound recommendations and alternatives for the delivery of instructional services. The book begins with a thorough analysis of the developmental learning system followed by a case study. An overview of psychocybernetic models of thinking is then presented. Finally, the author examines educational applications of the developmental learning system.