Foundations of Human Memory

Paperback | April 17, 2014

byMichael Jacob Kahana

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Foundations of Human Memory provides an introduction to the scientific study of human memory with an emphasis on both the major theories of memory and the laboratory studies that have been used to test those theories and inspire their further development. Written with the undergraduate studentin mind, the text assumes no specific background in the subject, but a general familiarity with scientific method and quantitative approaches to the treatment of data. Foundations of human memory is organized around the major empirical paradigms used to study memory in the laboratory and thetheories used to explain data obtained using those paradigms. The text begins with a focus on memory for individual items, building up to memory for associations between items, and finally to memory for entire sequences of items and the problem of memory search. Several major theories of memory are considered in detail, including strength theory,summed-similarity theory, neural network based theories, retrieved-context theory, and theories based on the division of memory into separate short-term and long-term storage systems. The text emphasizes basic research over applied problems, but brings in real-world examples and neuroscientificevidence as appropriate.

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Foundations of Human Memory provides an introduction to the scientific study of human memory with an emphasis on both the major theories of memory and the laboratory studies that have been used to test those theories and inspire their further development. Written with the undergraduate studentin mind, the text assumes no specific backg...

Michael Jacob Kahana, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania. Kahana's research focuses on basic mechanisms of human memory through use of direct brain recordings and computational modeling of behavioral data. Kahana has published more than 100 peer-reviewed journal articles on the psychology and neuroscienc...
Format:PaperbackDimensions:352 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:April 17, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199387648

ISBN - 13:9780199387649

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction1.1 Historical Background1.2 Association, Context, and Episodic Memory1.3 Methods Used in Studying Memory1.4 The Laws of Repetition and Recency1.5 Cognitivism1.6 Organization of the Book2. Item Recognition2.1 Strength Theory2.2 Multiple Sources of Strength?2.3 Major Findings Concerning Item Recognition2.4 Sternberg's Procedure2.5 Summary and Current Directions2.6 Study Questions3. Attribute Models3.1 Attributes3.2 A Multi-trace Distributed Memory Model3.3 Similarity Effects3.4 The Diffusion Model of Reaction Time3.5 Context Revisited3.6 Summary and Current Directions3.7 List-strength Effect3.8 A Unitrace Attribute Model3.9 Study Questions4. Associations and Cued Recall4.1 Major Associative Tasks4.2 Encoding and Repetition4.3 Recency and List Length4.4 Retrieval Errors4.5 Retroactive Interference and Recovery4.6 Proactive Interference4.7 Context and Interference Theory4.8 Similarity and Interference4.9 Unlearning as Inhibition4.10 Interference Theory: Concluding Remarks4.11 Item and Associative Information4.12 Summary and Current Directions4.13 Study Questions5. Models of Association5.1 The Attribute-Similarity Framework5.2 Neural Network Models5.3 Summary and Current Directions5.4 More on Linear Associators5.5 Project: Cued Recall in a Hopfield Net5.6 Study Questions6. Free Recall and Memory Search6.1 Serial-position Effects6.2 Retrieval Dynamics6.3 Semantic Clustering6.4 Intrusions6.5 Repetition Effects6.6 Summary and Current Directions6.7 Study Questions7. Models of Free Recall7.1 Dual-store Memory Search Models7.2 Testing Dual-Store Models7.3 Problems for Dual-store Models7.4 Single-store retrieved-context models7.5 Testing Retrieved Context Theory7.6 Summary and Current Directions7.7 Study Questions8. Sequence Memory8.1 Serial Recall and Memory Span8.2 Serial-Position Effects8.3 Modality and Suffix Effects: Evidence for a phonological STS?8.4 Recall Errors8.5 Associative Asymmetry8.6 Grouping Effects8.7 Summary and Current Directions8.8 Study Questions9. Theories of Sequence Memory9.1 Associative Chaining9.2 Positional Coding9.3 Eight Critical Findings9.4 Chaining vs. Positional Coding9.5 Hierarchical Associative Theory9.6 Summary and Current Directions9.7 Study QuestionsReferencesAuthor IndexIndex