Foundations of Metacognition

Hardcover | October 6, 2012

EditorMichael J. Beran, Johannes Brandl, Josef Perner

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Metacognition refers to the awareness an individual has of their own mental processes (also referred to as "thinking about thinking"). In the past thirty years metacognition research has become a rapidly growing field of interdisciplinary research within the cognitive sciences. Just recently,there have been major changes in this field, stimulated by the controversial issues of metacognition in nonhuman animals and in early infancy. Consequently the question what defines a metacognitive process has become a matter of debate: how should one distinguish between simple minds that are notyet capable of any metacognitive processing, and minds with a more advanced architecture that exhibit such a capacity? Do nonhuman animals process the ability to monitor their own mental actions? If metacognition is unique to humans, then at what stage in development does it occur, and how can wedistinguish between cognitive and metacognitive processes? The Foundations of Metacognition brings together leading cognitive scientists to consider these questions. It explores them from three different perspectives: from an evolutionary point of view the authors ask whether there is sufficient evidence that some non-human primates or other animals monitortheir mental states and thereby exhibit a form of metacognition. From a developmental perspective the authors ask when children start to monitor, evaluate und control their own minds. And from a philosophical point of view the main issue is how to draw the line between cognitive and metacognitiveprocesses, and how to integrate the different functions in which metacognition is involved into a single coherent picture of the mind. The foundations of metacognition - whatever they will turn out to be - have to be as complex as this pattern of connections we discover in its effects. Bringing together researchers from across the cognitive sciences, the book is valuable for philosophers of mind, developmental and comparative psychologists, and neuroscientists.

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Metacognition refers to the awareness an individual has of their own mental processes (also referred to as "thinking about thinking"). In the past thirty years metacognition research has become a rapidly growing field of interdisciplinary research within the cognitive sciences. Just recently,there have been major changes in this field...

Michael J. Beran is a Senior Research Scientist at the Language Research Center of Georgia State University. He received his B.A. in Psychology from Oglethorpe University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in Psychology from Georgia State University. His research is conducted with humans and nonhuman animals, including chimpanzees, bonobos, oran...
Format:HardcoverDimensions:368 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 0.98 inPublished:October 6, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199646732

ISBN - 13:9780199646739

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Table of Contents

Metacognition in Non-human Animals1. Justin J. Couchman, Michael J. Beran, Mariana V. C. Coutinho, Joseph Boomer, and J. David Smith: Evidence for Animal Metaminds2. Jonathan Crystal: Validating Animal Models of Metacognition3. Fujita, Kazuo, Noriyuki Nakamura, Sumie Iwasaki, and Sota Watanabe: Are Birds Metacognitive?4. Josep Call: Seeking Information in Nonhuman Animals: Weaving a Metacognitive Web5. Peter Carruthers and J. Brendan Ritchie: The Emergence of Metacognition: Affect and Uncertainty in Animals6. Josef Perner: MiniMeta-: In Search of Minimal Criteria for MetacognitionMetacogition in Human Development7. Beate Sodian, Claudia Thoermer, Susanne Kristen, and Hannah Perst: Metacognition in Infants and Young Children8. Frank Esken: Early Forms of Metacognition in Human Children9. Johannes L. Brandl: Pretend-Play in Early Childhood: The Road Between Mentalism and Behaviourism10. Daniela Kloo and Michael Rohwer: The Development of Earlier and Later Forms of Metacognitive Abilities: Reflections on Agency and Ignorance11. S. R. Beck, E. J. Robinson, and M. G. Rowley: Thinking about Different Types of Uncertainty12. Paul L. Harris, Kathleen Corriveau, Elisabeth S. Pasquini, Melissa Koenig, Maria Fusaro, and Fabrice Clement: Credulity and the Development of Selective Trust in Early ChildhoodFunctions of Metacognition13. Asher Koriat: The Subjective Confidence in One's Knowledge and Judgments: Some Metatheoretical Considerations14. Joelle Proust: Metacognition and Mindreading: One or Two Functions?15. Hannes Leitgeb: Metacognition and Indicative Conditionals: A Precis16. Zoltan Dienes: Is Hypnotic Responding the Strategic Relinquishment of Metacognition?17. Tillman Vierkant: What Metarepresentation is for?18. Janet Metcalfe and Lisa K. Son: Anoetic, Noetic and Autonoetic Metacognition19. Jerome Dokic: Seeds of Self-Knowledge: Noetic Feelings and Metacognition20. Paul Egre and Denis Bonnay: Metacognitive Perspectives on Unawareness and Uncertainty