Fractured Homeland: Federal Recognition and Algonquin Identity in Ontario by Bonita LawrenceFractured Homeland: Federal Recognition and Algonquin Identity in Ontario by Bonita Lawrence

Fractured Homeland: Federal Recognition and Algonquin Identity in Ontario

byBonita Lawrence

Paperback | January 1, 2013

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In 1992, the Algonquins of Pikwakanagan, the only federally recognized Algonquin reserve in Ontario, launched a comprehensive land claim. The claim drew attention to the reality that two-thirds of Algonquins in Canada have never been recognized as Indian, and have therefore had to struggle to reassert jurisdiction over their traditional lands.

Fractured Homeland is Bonita Lawrence’s stirring account of the Algonquins’ twenty-year struggle for identity and nationhood despite the imposition of a provincial boundary that divided them across two provinces, and the Indian Act, which denied federal recognition to two-thirds of Algonquins. Drawing on interviews with Algonquins across the Ottawa River watershed, Lawrence voices the concerns of federally unrecognized Algonquins in Ontario, whose ancestors survived land theft and the denial of their rights as Algonquins, and whose family histories are reflected in the land. The land claim not only forced many of these people to struggle with questions of identity, it also heightened divisions as those who launched the claim failed to develop a more inclusive vision of Algonquinness.

This path-breaking exploration of how a comprehensive claims process can fracture the search for nationhood among First Nations also reveals how federally unrecognized Algonquin managed to hold onto a distinct sense of identity, despite centuries of disruption by settlers and the state.

Bonita Lawrence (Mi’kmaw) teaches Indigenous studies at York University. She is the author of “Real” Indians and Others: Mixed-Blood Urban Native People and Indigenous Nationhood (2004).
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Title:Fractured Homeland: Federal Recognition and Algonquin Identity in OntarioFormat:PaperbackDimensions:344 pages, 9 × 6.08 × 1 inPublished:January 1, 2013Publisher:Ubc PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0774822880

ISBN - 13:9780774822886

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Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

Abbreviations and Definitions Relating to the Land Claim

Part 1: Algonquin Survival and Resurgence in the Ottawa River Watershed

1 Algonquin Diplomacy, Resistance, and Dispossession

2 The Fracturing of the Algonquin Homeland

3 Aboriginal Title and the Comprehensive Claims Process

4 The Algonquin Land Claim

5 Reclaiming Algonquin Identity

Part 2: Algonquin Communities in the Mississippi, Rideau, and Lower Madawaska River Watersheds

6 The Development of Ardoch Algonquin First Nation

7 The Effect of the Land Claim in the Region

8 Uranium Resistance: Defending the Land

Part 3: Algonquin Communities in the Watershed of the Bonnechere and Petawawa Rivers

9 The Bonnechere Algonquin Communities and Greater Golden Lake

10 Perspectives from Pikwakanagan

Part 4: Algonquin Communities in the Upper Madawaska and York River Watersheds

11 The Upper Madawaska River Communities: Whitney, Madewaska, and Sabine

12 The People of Kijicho Manitou: Baptiste Lake and Bancroft

Part 5: From Mattawa to Ottawa -- Algonquin Communities Along the Kichi Sibi

13 Algonquin Communities along the Ottawa River

Part 6: Conclusion

14 Algonquin Identity and Nationhood

Notes

Bibliography

Index

Editorial Reviews

In 1992, the Algonquins of Pikwakanagan, the only federally recognized Algonquin reserve in Ontario, launched a comprehensive land claim. The action not only drew attention to the fact that Canada had acquired Algonquin land without negotiating a treaty, but it also focused attention on the two-thirds of Algonquins who have never been recognized as Indian. Fractured Homeland is Bonita Lawrence’s stirring account of how the claim forced federally unrecognized Algonquin in Ontario to confront both the issue of their own identity and the failure of Algonquin leaders – who launched the claim – to develop a more inclusive vision of nationhood.This book highlights the challenges of rebuilding the Algonquin nation. It addresses the fragmentation and conflict that are the consequence of a colonial legacy and ongoing land claim while showing that a distinct non-status Algonquin identity is alive and well in Ontario. This is an important book and I recommend it to students, specialists, and non-specialists alike. - Carole Blackburn, Department of Anthropology, University of British Columbia