Freedom by Degrees: Emancipation in Pennsylvania and Its Aftermath

Hardcover | April 30, 1999

byGary B. Nash, Jean R. Soderlund

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During the revolutionary era, in the midst of the struggle for liberty from Great Britain, Americans up and down the Atlantic seaboard confronted the injustice of holding slaves. Lawmakers debated abolition, masters considered freeing their slaves, and slaves emancipated themselves by runningaway. But by 1800, of states south of New England, only Pennsylvania had extricated itself from slavery, the triumph, historians have argued, of Quaker moralism and the philosophy of natural rights. With exhaustive research of individual acts of freedom, slave escapes, legislative action, andanti-slavery appeals, Nash and Soderlund penetrate beneath such broad generalizations and find a more complicated process at work. Defiant runaway slaves joined Quaker abolitionists like Anthony Benezet and members of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society to end slavery and slave owners shrewdlycalculated how to remove themselves from a morally bankrupt institution without suffering financial loss by freeing slaves as indentured servants, laborers, and cottagers.

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From Our Editors

With exhaustive research of individual acts of freedom--such as suicide and slave escapes, legislative action, and antislavery appeals--Nash and Soderlund penetrate beneath such broad generalizations and find a more complicated process at work. Freedom by Degrees shows that the cessation of slavery in Pennsylvania was due not only to i...

From the Publisher

During the revolutionary era, in the midst of the struggle for liberty from Great Britain, Americans up and down the Atlantic seaboard confronted the injustice of holding slaves. Lawmakers debated abolition, masters considered freeing their slaves, and slaves emancipated themselves by runningaway. But by 1800, of states south of New E...

Gary B. Nash is at University College at Los Angeles. Jean R. Soderlund is at Swarthmore College.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:272 pages, 8.54 × 5.75 × 1.06 inPublished:April 30, 1999Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195045831

ISBN - 13:9780195045833

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From Our Editors

With exhaustive research of individual acts of freedom--such as suicide and slave escapes, legislative action, and antislavery appeals--Nash and Soderlund penetrate beneath such broad generalizations and find a more complicated process at work. Freedom by Degrees shows that the cessation of slavery in Pennsylvania was due not only to ideological commitment, but to economic viability for the masters and efforts on the part of the slaves as well.

Editorial Reviews

"[T]his is an important book, one that scholars of slavery and early Pennsylvania will read avidly and wish they had written."--Journal of Social History