Freedom Is Not Enough: The War on Poverty and the Civil Rights Movement in Texas

Paperback | May 1, 2011

byWilliam S. Clayson

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Led by the Office of Economic Opportunity, Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty reflected the president's belief that, just as the civil rights movement and federal law tore down legalized segregation, progressive government and grassroots activism could eradicate poverty in the United States. Yet few have attempted to evaluate the relationship between the OEO and the freedom struggles of the 1960s. Focusing on the unique situation presented by Texas, Freedom Is Not Enough examines how the War on Poverty manifested itself in a state marked by racial division and diversity—and by endemic poverty.

Though the War on Poverty did not eradicate destitution in the United States, the history of the effort provides a unique window to examine the politics of race and social justice in the 1960s. William S. Clayson traces the rise and fall of postwar liberalism in the Lone Star State against a backdrop of dissent among Chicano militants and black nationalists who rejected Johnson's brand of liberalism. The conservative backlash that followed is another result of the dramatic political shifts revealed in the history of the OEO, completing this study of a unique facet in Texas's historical identity.

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Led by the Office of Economic Opportunity, Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty reflected the president's belief that, just as the civil rights movement and federal law tore down legalized segregation, progressive government and grassroots activism could eradicate poverty in the United States. Yet few have attempted to evaluate the relation...

WILLIAM S. CLAYSON is Professor and Lead Faculty in History at the College of Southern Nevada. He has published several articles and made frequent conference presentations on Lyndon Johnson’s War on Poverty as it played out in cities across Texas.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:230 pages, 9 × 5.98 × 0.53 inPublished:May 1, 2011Publisher:University Of Texas PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0292728980

ISBN - 13:9780292728981

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentsIntroductionChapter 1. Poverty, Race, and Politics in Postwar TexasChapter 2. Postwar Liberalism, Civil Rights, and the Origins of the War on PovertyChapter 3. The War on Poverty and Texas PoliticsChapter 4. Launching the War on Poverty in TexasChapter 5. Making Maximum Participation Feasible: Community Action in Urban TexasChapter 6. Race Conflict and the War on Poverty in TexasChapter 7. The War on Poverty and the Militants: The OEO and the Chicano MovementChapter 8. A "Preventative Force"? Urban Violence, Black Power, and the OEOChapter 9. After LBJ: Republican Ascendance and Grassroots Antipoverty ActivismConclusion: Texans and the "Long War on Poverty"NotesBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

No one has done this kind of in-depth study before. . . . This is an outstanding piece of the past that does inform our present and points the way to the future. - James Smallwood, Professor Emeritus of History, Oklahoma State University