Freedoms Given, Freedoms Won: Afro-Brazilians in Post-Abolition SÏÂ?o Paolo and Salvador by Kim D. ButlerFreedoms Given, Freedoms Won: Afro-Brazilians in Post-Abolition SÏÂ?o Paolo and Salvador by Kim D. Butler

Freedoms Given, Freedoms Won: Afro-Brazilians in Post-Abolition SÏÂ?o Paolo and Salvador

byKim D. Butler

Paperback | May 1, 1998

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Freedoms Given, Freedoms Won explores the ways Afro-Brazilians in two major cities adapted to the new conditions of life after the abolition of slavery and how they confronted limitations placed on their new freedom. The book sets forth new ways of understanding why the abolition of slavery did not yield equitable fruits of citizenship, not only in Brazil, but throughout the Americas and the Caribbean.

Afro-Brazilians in Sao Paulo and Salvador lived out their new freedom in ways that raise issues common to the entire Afro-Atlantic diaspora. In Sao Paulo, they initiated a vocal struggle for inclusion in the creation of the nation's first black civil rights organization and political party, and they appropriated a discriminatory identity that isolated blacks. In contrast, African identity prevaled over black identity in Salvador, where social protest was oriented toward protecting the right of cultural pluralism.

Of all the eras and issues studied in Afro-Brazilian history, post-abolition social and political action has been the most neglected. Butler provides many details of this period for the first time in English and supplements published sources with original oral histories, Afro-Brazilian newspapers, and new state archival documents currently being catalogued in Bahia. Freedoms Given, Freedoms Won sets the Afro-Brazilian experience in a national context as well as situating it within the Afro-Atlantic diaspora through a series of explicit parallels, particularly with Cuba and Jamaica.

KIM D. BUTLER is assistant professor of Africana Studies at Rutgers University.
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Title:Freedoms Given, Freedoms Won: Afro-Brazilians in Post-Abolition SÏÂ?o Paolo and SalvadorFormat:PaperbackDimensions:304 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.73 inPublished:May 1, 1998Publisher:Rutgers University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0813525047

ISBN - 13:9780813525044

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"Kim Butler . . . proposes a theoretical framework to explain why African descendants in [Sao Paulo and Salvador] adopted different strategies of self-representations and suggests how this framework might contribute to the comparative study of the politics of freedpeople in the Afro-Atlantic diaspora. The result is an important contribution to the historiography of race and politics in Brazil that raises intriguing questions for scholars of postemancipation societies."