From Acute to Chronic Back Pain: Risk Factors, Mechanisms, and Clinical Implications

Hardcover | February 5, 2012

EditorMonika I. Hasenbring, Adina C. Rusu, Dennis C Turk

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Chronic back pain has been and continues to be a major cause of distress (both to people with persistent pain and their significant others), disability, work loss, and a huge cost to society. Moreover, with the aging population, it is becoming even more prevalent and as a consequence is havingan escalating impact upon the healthcare systems and society as a whole worldwide. A significant issue concerns understanding why, although the majority of people with acute back symptoms recover in a reasonable time, a significant minority evolve into patients with chronic pain and prolongedpain-related disability. Understanding the variables that contribute to chronicity could serve as a basis for early intervention to prevent the downward spiral. In the past 15 years, psychological and psychobiological mechanisms have been identified as important risk factors in back pain, leading to the development of early screending methods (Yellow Flag diagnostics) and new psychosocial interventions. These work by closely targeting treatment modalitiesto patients' needs. However, many aspects of how acute pain becomes chronic pain remain unexplained. Recent neurobiological work investigating genetic, neurophysiological, and biomechanical processes has uncovererd important mechanisms involved in chronic and acute back pain. From Acute to Chronic Back Pain examines the risk factors and mechanisms involved in the transition from acute to chronic back pain. It integrates genetic, biomechnanical neurobiological, psychophysiological, psychosocial, and socieconomic risk factors. Moreover, the text examines advances intreatment approaches based on evidence from published studies-ranging from prevention of disability to pharmacological, psychological, and rehabilitative strategies and methods.Broad in scope, and with contributions from leading authorities in their respective fields, this book is a valuable and comprehensive work for the many specialities involved with back pain - including those in the fields of clinical and health psychology, physiology, epidemiology, and pain.

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Chronic back pain has been and continues to be a major cause of distress (both to people with persistent pain and their significant others), disability, work loss, and a huge cost to society. Moreover, with the aging population, it is becoming even more prevalent and as a consequence is havingan escalating impact upon the healthcare sy...

Monika Hasenbring is a Professor in the Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, Faculty of Medicine, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Germany. Adina C. Rusu is a Professor in the Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany and Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:624 pagesPublished:February 5, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199558906

ISBN - 13:9780199558902

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Table of Contents

PrefaceSection I: Current developments in epidemiology1. Blair H. Smith, Nicola Torrance, Gary J. Macfarlane: Epidemiology of back pain, from the laboratory to the bus stop: psychosocial risk factors, biological mechanisms and interventions in population-based research?2. Kate M Dunn, Peter R Croft: Defining chronic pain by prognosisSection II: Risk Factors of chronic back pain and disability: Biological Mechanisms3. Julia Metzner and Irmgard Tegeder: Genetic factors modulating chronic back pain4. Hermann Handwerker: Peripheral and central sensitization as risk factors of low back pain5. John McBeth and Andrea Power: Dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and associated stress axes in the development of chronic LBP6. Sandra Kamping and Herta Flor: Central imaging of pain and the process of chronicity7. Arne May and A. Vania Apkarian: Structural brain changes in patients with chronic back pain8. Kati Thieme and Richard H. Gracely: The Psychophysiology of Chronic Back Pain PatientsSection III: Risk Factors of chronic back pain and disability: Biomechanical Mechanisms9. A.F. Mannion and D. O'Riordan: Electromyographically-determined Muscular Fatigue in Low Back Pain10. Jeanine Verbunt, Robert Smeets, and Harriet Wittink: Unmasking the Deconditioning Paradigm for Chronic Low Back Pain Patients.Section IV: Risk Factors of chronic back pain and disability: Sociodemographic and psychosocial mechanisms11. Chris J. Main, Nicholas A.S. Kendall, and Monika Hasenbring: Screening of Psychological Risk Factors (Yellow Flags) for Chronic Back Pain and Disability12. R. Nicholas Carleton and Gordon J.G. Asmundson: Dispositional fear, anxiety sensitivity, and hypervigilence13. Michael JL Sullivan and Marc O. Martel: Processes Underlying the Relation between Catastrophizing and Chronic Pain: Implications for Intervention14. Linda Vancleef, Ida Flink, and Steven Linton: Fear-avoidance as a risk factor for the development of chronic back pain and disability15. Monika I. Hasenbring, Dirk Hallner, and Adina C. Rusu: Endurance?related pain responses in the development of chronic back pain16. Adina C Rusu and Tamar Pincus: Cognitive processing and self-pain enmeshment in chronic back pain17. Annmarie Cano and Laura Leong: Significant others in the chronicity of pain and disability18. James P. Robinson and John D. Loeser: Effects of Workers' Compensation Systems on Recovery from Disabling Injuries19. William S. Shaw Glenn S. Pransky and Chris J. Main: Work-related risk factors for transition to chronic back pain and disabilitySection V: Practitioner's role in the process of care20. James Rainville, Glenn Pransky, Sarah Gibson, and Pradeep Suri: The Physician as Disability Advisor for Back Pain Patients21. Tamar Pincus, Rita Santos, and Steven Vogel: The attitudes and beliefs of clinicians treating back pain: Do they affect patients' outcome?Section VI: Clinical Implications - New approaches to Diagnostics and Treatment22. Maurits van Tulder and Bart Koes: International guidelines for the diagnostics and treatment of acute, sub-acute and chronic back painSection VII: Clinical approaches for patients with acute and subacute LBP23. Chris J. Main and Kim Burton: Engaging patients in their own care for back care: the role of education and advice in the prevention of chronic pain and disability24. Robert D. Kerns, Mark P. Jensen, and Warren R. Nielson: Motivational Issues in Pain Management25. Kay Brune and Bertold Renner: Pharmacotherapy of Low Back PainSection VIII: Subgroup-specific approaches for patients at risk for or with chronic pain26. Adina C. Rusu, Katja Boersma, and Dennis C. Turk: Reviewing the concept of subgroups in sub-acute and chronic pain and the potential of customizing treatments27. Monika I. Hasenbring, Bernhard W. Klasen, Adina C. Rusu: Risk factor based cognitive behavioral therapy for acute and subacute back painSection IX: Clinical approaches for patients with established pain and disability28. JB Staal, CG Maher, and WS Shaw: Physical exercise interventions and low back pain29. Lance M. McCracken: Contextual cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain (including back pain)30. MK Nicholasa and RJEM Smeets: Rehabilitation programs to prevent severely disabling chronic back pain