From Dual to Cooperative Federalism: The Changing Structure of European Law

Paperback | January 15, 2013

byRobert Schutze

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What is the federal philosophy inspiring the structure of European law? The federal principle stands for constitutional arrangements that find 'unity in diversity'. The two most influential manifestations of the federal principle emerged under the names of 'dual' and 'cooperative' federalismin the constitutional history of the United States of America. Dual federalism is based on the idea that the federal government and the State governments are co-equals and each is legislating in a separate sphere. Cooperative federalism, on the other hand, stands for the thought that both governments legislate in the same sphere. They are hierarchically arranged and complement each other in solving a social problem. Can the European Union be understood in federal terms? The book's general part introducesthree constitutional traditions of the federal idea. Following the American tradition, the European Union is defined as a Federation of States as it stands on the 'middle ground' between international and national law.But what federal philosophy has the European Union followed? The special part of the book investigates the structure of European law. Three arguments are advanced to show the evolution of the European legal order from dual to cooperative federalism. The first looks at the decline of constitutionalexclusivity on the part of the Member States and the European Union. For almost all objects of government, the Union and its States operate in a universe of shared powers. The second argument analyses the decline of legislative exclusivity. European and national legislation - increasingly - complement each other to solve a social problem. The third argument describes the 'constitutionalisation' of cooperative federalism in the form of the principle of subsidiarity and the idea of complementary competences. A final Chapter is dedicatedto Europe's foreign affairs federalism. It analyses, whether the external sphere must be regarded as subject to different constitutional or federal principles. The book concludes that cooperative federalism will benefit both levels of government - the Union and the Member States - as theconstitutional mechanism of uniform European standards complemented by diverse national standards best expresses the federal idea of 'unity in diversity'.

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What is the federal philosophy inspiring the structure of European law? The federal principle stands for constitutional arrangements that find 'unity in diversity'. The two most influential manifestations of the federal principle emerged under the names of 'dual' and 'cooperative' federalismin the constitutional history of the United S...

Robert Schutze is a Reader in law at Durham University.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:432 pagesPublished:January 15, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199664943

ISBN - 13:9780199664948

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Table of Contents

Introduction: Coming to Constitutional TermsGeneral Part - The Federal Principle in America and Europe1. Federal Tradition(s) and the European UnionSection I - The Federal Principle: Three Constitutional TraditionsSection II - The European Union: American and European Perspectives2. Federal Philosophies and the Structure of American LawSection I - The "New Nationalism" - The Decline of Constitutional ExclusivitySection II - The "New Federalism" - The Decline of Legislative ExclusivityExcursus - The Foreign Affairs "Exception" - Dual Federalism ConstitutionalisedSpecial Part - The Changing Structure of European Law3. The Decline of Constitutional ExclusivitySection I - Europe's Expanding Sphere: The Decline of State "Police Powers"Section II - Europe's Contracting Sphere: The Decline of Federal Exclusive Powers4. The Decline of Legislative ExclusivitySection I - The Commerce Clause(s): Harmonization in the Internal MarketSection II - The Common Agricultural Policy: A Policy Unlike Any Other?5. Cooperative Federalism ConstitutionalisedSection I - The Principle of Subsidiarity: Procedural Safeguards of FederalismSection II - Complementary Competences: Substantive Safeguards of Federalism6. Excursus: A Foreign Affairs "Exception"?Section I - Europe's International Powers: Dual Federalism in the External SphereSection II - Theory and Practice: Towards Cooperative Federalism?Conclusion: Europe's Gemeinweg Towards Cooperative Federalism

Editorial Reviews

"...a valuable tool, covering political aspects of federalism, its application to the EU, and the stance of the ECJ with an interdisciplinary approach." --Panos Stasinopoulos, King's College London, Journal of Common Market Studies, 48.4